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072317 - Romans 14a - Accept One Another
July 24, 2017 07:04 AM PDT
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Romans 14:1-12, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 14:1-4 ~ 1Now accept the one who is weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing judgment on his opinions. 2One person has faith that he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats vegetables only. 3The one who eats is not to regard with contempt the one who does not eat, and the one who does not eat is not to judge the one who eats, for God has accepted him. 4Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand.

Is Paul accurately labeling the “Weak in faith”?

Many think the “Weaker” group consisted of Christians holding to the requirements of Judaism. Is that important?

IF you think someone else is, “Weak in faith,” this message is for you, and what God is saying is _______________________________________.
The chapter starts with δέ (dĕ), which functions as a connective word tying what follows to what preceded. Here we get a ________________ against becoming isolationist.

The word “Accept,” is προσλαμβάνω (pȑŏs-läm-bän-ō). It is far more than a casual acceptance. The word means to embrace as a ________________.

Imperative mood is a _____________________, and middle voice means it is for_________________________________________.

So many people think “Ecumenical” is a four-letter word.

We judge and condemn people regarding their eternal salvation in order to excuse our disapproval of them.

I Corinthians 4:5

Welcome those who think differently… But not so you can pick at them over those ________________________________.

One Christian drinks Coca-Cola, another thinks they’re demon possessed.

One Christian votes for a Democrat, another thinks they are in league with Satan.

First, people who eat only vegetables… λάχανον (lä-ĉḥä-nŏn), applies only to garden cultivated leafy greens. Second, people who eat “All things.” It is literally everything. Paul is intentionally playing up the ________________.

Here the word servant, is a more specific term οἰκέτης (ŏy-kĕ-tās). It is a __________________ slave.

ROMANS 14:5-9 ~ 5One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. 6He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, does so for the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to God. 7For not one of us lives for himself, and not one dies for himself; 8for if we live, we live for the Lord, or if we die, we die for the Lord; therefore whether we live or die, we are the Lord’s. 9For to this end Christ died and lived again, that He might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.

Another non-specific example…

1) “Must be fully convinced,” is the single word, πληροφορέω (plā-ȑŏ-fŏ-ȑĕ-ō). The word itself, is fill until full - there’s no room for _______________.

2) It is so important because this is not our personal church… This is God’s church and we are part of the Body of Christ on earth.

3) We need to remember that we are nothing and this present life is nothing when compared to the purposes of Almighty God, The Judge of all.

ROMANS 14:10-12 ~ 10But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you regard your brother with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. 11For it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to Me, And every tongue shall give praise to God.” 12So then each one of us will give an account of himself to God.

Who do you think you are? Can you see how ____________________ it is to judge people?

071617 - Romans 13b - Love Obligation
July 24, 2017 06:40 AM PDT
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Romans 13:8-14, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 13:8-10 ~ 8Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. 9For this, “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 10Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.

“Owe nothing,” is not setting forth a doctrine opposed to debt, it highlights the one debt no one can _______________.

Love is Agapê. Why can it never be repaid? It is the love-debt __________ to God. People value God’s love by how willing they are to pay it forward.

If we don’t get the _______________ thing right, there’s no point in trying to get anything else right.

When we love others, we prove that we are recipients of God’s love and that we, in-turn, love God, because we are ____________ our Lord, Jesus.

Agapê is not a _____________ or an unattainable ideal… Agapê is activity.

Who are we to love? “One another,” is primarily our fellow believers. However, in that same verse, it then says, “For he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the Law.” “Neighbor,” in this instance, is the Greek word, ἕτερος (hĕ-tĕ-ȑŏs), meaning…

We are ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬____________________ to love and it extends from our closest personal circle radiating outward.

Luke 10:25-37, Matthew 22:34-40, Mark 12:28-34

The principle of loving others is ________________ up in the Golden Rule.

Matthew 7:12, Luke 6:31

The word “Law,” is anarthrous. ________ law is obeyed by “Doing unto others as you would have them do unto you.”

The word “Fulfilled” is in the perfect tense. It never returns _____________. void… You love and it is a positive that never ends.

Four examples from the decalogue:


Everything people need to do, to love God by obeying Jesus, is summed up by, “Agapê others as you Agapê ___________________.”

Leviticus 19:18, James 2:8 (the “Royal Law”), Galatians 5:14

ROMANS 13:11-14 ~ 11Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 12The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.

Much sooner than we think; we are going to be standing in front of the Risen Lord Jesus and He will pointedly ask each of us, “Tell me how you __________________ others.”

Deeds versus armor points out that it is a _____________ and that we must prepare each day for battle.

Three couplets:

Carousing and drunkenness
Sexual promiscuity and sensuality
Strife and jealousy

I’m not saying we lower our standard regarding the first two couplets…

Again, this goes to our new paradigm in Romans 12:1&2. We Christians do not, and cannot, exist for our own glory or to serve our own pleasure.

070917 - Romans 13a - Render unto Caesar
July 10, 2017 07:39 AM PDT
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Romans 13:1-7, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 13:1-7 ~ 1Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God. 2Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves. 3For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; 4for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil. 5Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience’ sake. 6For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing. 7Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

The overall gist is that God is not reserving all His ____________________ until the end - He has established the principle of ____________________ in order for there to be some semblance of order here and now.

Absent some kind of government there is ______________________.

The Bible says, “An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth” (Exodus 21:24, Leviticus 24:20, Deuteronomy 19:21), but then says, “Whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also” (Matthew 5:38-48, etc.).

The “Governing authorities” are all the layers of human _______________.

What does, “Be in subjection,” mean? First, the word “Obey” occurs over 100 times in the Bible and other synonyms are also frequent, yet none of them is our word here.

It is the verb ὑποτάσσω (hü-pŏ-täs-sō). It is a __________________ term for the hierarchical structure of ranks and positions.
Imperative mood…
Present tense…
Middle voice…

In the New Testament, the verb/noun occurs more than 40 times - two others regarding government, (I Peter 2:13&14 & Titus 3:1). Six instances regarding wives. (Colossians 3:18, Ephesians 5:22-24, 1 Peter 3:1-6, 1 Corinthians 14:34&35, Titus 2:3-5, 1 Timothy 2:9-15).

There is then a ____________________ between subjecting yourself and blindly obeying (Ephesians 5:21, etc.).

We submit to the government as good and patriotic citizens right up to the point we are forced to make the choice the Apostles made in Acts 5:27-29. Jesus said, “_______ to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and ______ to God the things that are God’s.” (Matthew 22:21, Mark 12:17, Luke 20:25).

It becomes a matter of ____________________ and that goes back to our new paradigm in Romans 12:1&2…

The reason given for submitting, is that God is in control of all things.

John 19:10&11

I doubt there has ever been a more difficult form of government to know how to submit to, as a Christian. One thing we know, we are to pray…

I Timothy 2:1&2

The government is “God’s servant.” Without government - even _________ government - there is pandemonium and chaos.

Subjection, not only because of the consequences “Of wrath, but also for conscience’ sake.” It is not so much our own conscience, but the conscience of the ___________________ (Romans 12:2).

Verse 7 sums up this section. Do what you’re _________________ to do. Render to all, what is due them, because we have bigger fish to fry.

070217 - Romans 12d - Fight Evil with Good
July 03, 2017 07:31 AM PDT
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Romans 12:17-21, Pastor Scott Keller

The new paradigm found in Romans 12:1&2, leads us to the thesis in verse 9… Where we are told that “Agapê is pure,” and in the broadest sense it is to, “Abhor what is ___________… and to “Cling to what is ____________.”

That means we are to embrace the fact that as Christians our life is no longer our own… We live and die to serve His purposes.

John 14:15, 14:21, 14:23, 15:10

John 14:1

John 13:14, 13:34, 15:12, 15:17

John 17:22-23
Where there is no cost… There is no sacrifice. What is our sacrifice? We are to _____________ one another.

John 13:37&38, I Corinthians 13:1-3, Romans 12:5, 12:10, 12:16

ROMANS 12:17-21 ~ 17Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. 18If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. 19Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20“But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

“Never” are we to retaliate with evil… The weapons of evil are off-limits to us.

I Thessalonians 5:15, I Peter 3:9–12

We must fight evil, but we do it with ________________.

We cannot fight for ourselves, because we have given ourselves as a sacrifice to God. We fight for God and His purposes with the weapons He gives. We fight for ___________________, not ___________________.

Protecting others and stopping evil people from doing violence to society is vastly ________________________ than repaying evil for evil.

“Respect what is right in the sight of all men,” is an adaptation of Proverbs 3:4. Recognize how other people ____________ at things and to give that due consideration.

Verse 18, carries that thought out more plainly. We are to be at peace to the maximum extent possible.

Matthew 5:9

A peacemaker is a son/daughter, because he/she is acting like their __________________.

Luke 6:35

Imagine what the witness of the church would be, if we all did our very _________________ to get along, just as Jesus asked.

“Never take your own revenge.” Why? By doing so we make ourselves judge, jury and _________________________. That position is filled.

Not only are we not to take on that role, we are commanded to go to the opposite extreme! Verse 20, says, tangibly love your _______________.

Matthew 5:44, Luke 6:27-36

Heap burning coals? This is a direct quote from Proverbs 25:21&22.

I Peter 2:23

Because the overall point is “Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

Galatians 2:20

062517 - Romans 12c - It's About Agape
June 26, 2017 05:27 AM PDT
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Romans 12:9-16, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 12:9-16 ~ 9Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good. 10Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor; 11not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 12rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer, 13contributing to the needs of the saints, practicing hospitality. 14Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. 15Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 16Be of the same mind toward one another; do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly. Do not be wise in your own estimation.

“Let love be without hypocrisy.” In Greek it’s basically two words, ἀγάπη (ä-gä-pā), and, ἀνυπόκριτος (ä-nü-pŏ-kȑē-tŏs). The first is Agapê love and the second is the negation of hypocrisy.

In the Bible, we have 4 words translated as love;

ἔρως (ĕ-ȑōs), Romantic
φιλία (fē-lē-ä), Friendship
στοργή (stŏȑ-gā) Family
ἀγάπη (ä-gä-pā) Character
It is far easier to put on a good show of Agapê than it is to actually Agapê. Our word ἀνυπόκριτος means genuinely, without ___________________.

There are two ways to take this opening phrase… The common way is to supply a verb and make it a __________________________ as the NASB.

The other way, is unusual, but is grammatically better and contextually superior. It is to take it as it is, as a plain statement of ________________.

As a statement, it becomes the thesis and all the commands that follow, define, intensify and elaborate, this single thesis about Agapê.

Since, Agapê is pure… Then the way we _____________________ it is to 1) “Abhor what is evil,” and 2) “Cling to what is good.”

Evil is all that is destructive or negative to Christianity and Christianity is all about Agapê.

I Timothy 1:5, I Corinthians 13:13

Cling to what is good is the opposite… An example of one of those “good” things is verse 10. It is, “The φιλαδελφία to one another as φιλόστοργος.” Both words start with φιλία (friendship love) and then intensify it… The first with αδελφος (ä-dĕl-fŏs), meaning brother, and the second with στοργή (family love). It is the love of a close-knit caring family of friends.

“Give preference to one another in honor.” The point is quit worrying about your agenda, your own honor from others, your status or privilege.

“Not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.” Actively working for the good. Should it be spirit or Spirit?

“Rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer.” We are to “remain under” the “pressure” of life so that it can _____________ us into what we are to become.

How can we persevere? By rejoicing in hope… and we maintain hope through intentional ___________________. The hope is eschatological. The hope is for our _____________ with the Lord.

“Contributing to the needs of the saints, practicing hospitality.” Basically, don’t be stingy with your money, your resources or your time.

“Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.” “Bless” is stated twice which reinforces the idea and then we get a negation of the opposite, “Do not curse,” that further amplifies the concept.

“Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep.” This means actually being engaged with the life of your fellow Christian.

John 11:35

“Be of the same mind toward one another; do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly. Do not be wise in your own estimation.” Another rhythmic play on the verb root φρονέω (fȑŏ-nĕ-ō), to think.

Ro. 15:5&6, II Corinthians 13:11, I Peter 3:8, Philippians 2:2-4

061817 - Romans 12b - The Body
June 18, 2017 07:34 PM PDT
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Romans 12:3-8, Pastor Scott Keller

Romans 12:1&2, constitute an overview of what came _______________ and a new paradigm we are to use to understand what comes _________.

ROMANS 12:3-8 ~ 3For through the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgment, as God has allotted to each a measure of faith. 4For just as we have many members in one body and all the members do not have the same function, 5so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. 6Since we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to exercise them accordingly: if prophecy, according to the proportion of his faith; 7if service, in his serving; or he who teaches, in his teaching; 8or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

1) There is no room in Christianity for any __________________________.

2) This is all about the ______________________________ of Christ.

Verse 5, says that we are all members of one another! As a Christian, you don’t _________________ yourself!

To start with “I say,” means that what follows are ____________________. No Christian is _________________. “Everyone,” is, “Everyone.”

The rest of verse 3, is a rhythmic play on words. Basically, “Not to THINK above what is necessary to THINK, but to THINK what is reasonable to THINK.”

When I am high-minded, it means that I not only think I’m doing something praiseworthy… it always comes with feeling ________________________ to others… That makes true community impossible.

God works with each individual, individually. Each Christian is given a role to play. None of us has the same “Measure of faith.”

The comparison is that you wouldn’t give up a single finger or toe if you had a choice. Well that’s what _____________ would prefer as well.

Christianity is a team sport. That’s not just one way to look at it - it is the only way to look at it.

Verse 6, says that we all have gifts… A gift is something we receive without _________________ or ___________________ it. “Gifts” is specifically χαρίσματα (ĉḥä-ȑēs-mä-tä). Given according to the χάρις (ĉḥä-ȑēs) given.

1) “Prophecy” in a general sense. Any verbatim Word from ____________.

2) “Service” is the same word that give us Deacon. Here it includes everything from rendering special financial aid to scrubbing the toilets.

3) “Teaching” is all manner of teaching from showing a toddler something about God to the dude standing up front explaining the _______________.

4) “One who exhorts” is also to encourage, admonish, urge or plead. In this general sense, it is to help people put Godly teaching into _____________.

5) “The one who gives” isn’t really “Giver,” it’s more like “Sharer.” One who shares what they have with others.

6) “He who leads” is supposed to do so “With diligence.” The word for “One who leads” is προί̈στημι (pȑŏ-ēst-ā-mē), literally one who stands in front.

7) “Those who show mercy.” Those who render ____________ to the sick, distressed and downtrodden. Do your job with cheerfulness. The Greek word is ἱλαρότης (hē-lä-ȑŏ-tās. It is being uplifting to the other person.

061117 - Romans 12a - The Result
June 12, 2017 09:06 AM PDT
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Romans 12:1&2, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 12:1&2 ~ 1Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. 2And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.


“Principle then Praxis.”

I urge

παρακαλέω (pä-ȑä-kä-lĕ-ō).

We must obey from our own ____________________ and ______________________________.

You brethren
By the mercies of God

1) that through, or by, the mercies of God…

2) that because of the mercies of God…

To present

1) The aorist part means it is __________________________.

2) The infinitive part (after talking about sacrifice) means that instead of thinking I need to offer myself each day… I should simply remember that I _______________________________.

Your bodies

1) The body is _______________________________________.

2) Christianity is an _____________________________ to Jesus.

A sacrifice to God

θυσία (thü-sē-ä).

Once it was done - You couldn’t take it ________________.

Living and holy and acceptable

The Lord is saying I don’t need you to die for Me, but to ___________________ as Me on earth.

which is your spiritual service of worship

λογικός (lŏ-gē-kŏs).

Based upon the information we ________________ to worship by giving our entire selves to His service within His _____________.

Do not be conformed

συσχηματίζω (sü-sĉḥā-mä-tē-dzō).

Christians have died and are _______________________.

Stop being conformed to the worldly influences around you… Why? Because it’s __________________ who you are.

The verb is a present passive…

To this world

Not κόσμος (kŏs-mŏs), meaning world - it is αἰών (ī-ōn).

But be transformed

μεταμορφόω (mĕ-tä-mŏȑ-fŏ-ō).

Do not allow the outside ___________________ to overtake your inner _____________, instead allow your inner ______________ to shine forth into the outside ___________________.

By the renewing of

It is a ______________________________ of your mind to think as a child of God rather than as a product of this evil age.

Titus 3:4-8.

Your mind

νοῦς (nüs). To repent is μετανοέω (mĕ-tä-nŏ-ĕ-ō).

We must allow the Holy Spirit to change the way we look at things in order for there to be ________________________________.

So that you may prove what the will of God is

Romans opened with describing the inability of unsaved people to understand God at all - they have a “Depraved mind.” The process of having our Christian mind renewed by the Holy Spirit enables us to leave behind our depraved mind for a mind that does understand God.

That which is good and acceptable and perfect

A mind that can discern what is good and what is acceptable to God and what is perfect… Has discerned God’s ____________.

060417 - Romans 11c - The Return
June 05, 2017 08:05 AM PDT
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Romans 11:16-36, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 11:16 ~ If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too.

This is transitional. The “Acceptance” of the Jews in verse 15, was surprising… So, Paul will explain. Verse 16, seems easy enough, until we try to define the terms.

Within the context of Paul explaining why, “All Israel will be saved,” (verse 26), and seeing the connection, “For the sake of the fathers,” (verse 28), we recognize the first element is the _____________________ and the second element is ______________________.

ROMANS 11:17-24 ~ 17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, 18do not be arrogant toward the branches; but if you are arrogant, remember that it is not you who supports the root, but the root supports you. 19You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20Quite right, they were broken off for their unbelief, but you stand by your faith. Do not be conceited, but fear; 21for if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you, either. 22Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God’s kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off. 23And they also, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are the natural branches be grafted into their own olive tree?

Some of the natural branches that grew from the root stayed connected due to their Abraham-like faith… Many of the natural branches were torn from the tree, because they had more faith in _______________________ than they did in God.

Anytime a religion trusts more in human performance that it does in God’s grace we have people trying to fix themselves… and when that doesn’t work, they try to fix their _________________________.

In verses 18-22, Paul takes a moment to warn the Gentile Christians against having the same attitude that led so many Jews to be ______________________________ from the root. _____________ is a destroyer of souls and it is as natural as breathing.

Biblical Christianity leaves room for nothing but humble gratitude. “Where then is boasting? It is excluded.” “By the law of faith” (Romans 3:27).

Verse 23, says, “God is able.” It means is that God has the ____________.
Not only is God able to graft them back in, it will be far ________________ than it was to graft in the Gentiles.

ROMANS 11:25-27 ~ 25For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not be wise in your own estimation—that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; 26and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.” 27“This is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.”

He calls it a mystery, μυστήριον (müs-tā-ȑē-ŏn), a “Sacred secret” revealed. The revealed mystery is that God’s hardening of Israel is both partial and is ________________________.

God made a covenant with Israel and regardless of their performance, He is faithful to His commitments. This is how we got here in the first place.

ROMANS 11:28-32 ~ 28From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God’s choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; 29for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience, 31so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy. 32For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all.

Within context it is easy to see what verse 29, means. God is NOT capricious… God is utterly ____________________ to keep His promises.

The ________________ of God’s plan is to make every Believer recognize the unmerited kindness of God and be forever humble and grateful.

ROMANS 11:33-36 ~ 33Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 34For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who became His counselor? 35Or who has first given to Him that it might be paid back to him again? 36For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.

God is incredible!

052817 - Romans 11b - The Remnant
June 05, 2017 07:40 AM PDT
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Romans 11:7-15, Pastor Scott Keller

ROMANS 11:7-10 ~ 7What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened; 8just as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, Eyes to see not and ears to hear not, Down to this very day.” 9And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, And a stumbling block and a retribution to them. 10“Let their eyes be darkened to see not, And bend their backs forever.”

The “What then,” refers to _____________________________________.

See the connection, between 11:7, and 9:30, and you see what Israel was seeking and did not obtain was __________________________________.

The reason they failed was they forgot that righteousness is a gift status granted only by God to those people who have ___________________.

“Hardened” is passive voice, which means that ____________ is the one doing the hardening. That is confirmed by quotations from all three sections of the Old Testament. The Law, the Prophets and the Writings.

Deuteronomy 29:4, Isaiah 29:10, Psalm 69:22&23

ISAIAH 29:9-14 (Jewish Bible) ~ 9If you make yourselves stupid, you will stay stupid! If you blind yourselves, you will stay blind! You are drunk, but not from wine; you are staggering, but not from strong liquor. 10For Adonai has poured over you a spirit of lethargy; he has closed your eyes (that is, the prophets) and covered your heads (that is, the seers). 11For you this whole prophetic vision has become like the message in a sealed-up scroll. When one gives it to someone who can read and says, “Please read this,” he answers, “I can’t, because it’s sealed.” 12If the scroll is given to someone who can’t read with the request, “Please read this,” he says, “I can’t read.” 13Then Adonai said: “Because these people approach me with empty words, and the honor they bestow on me is mere lip-service; while in fact they have distanced their hearts from me, and their ‘fear of me’ is just a mitzvah of human origin— 14therefore, I will have to keep shocking these people with astounding and amazing things, until the ‘wisdom’ of their ‘wise ones’ vanishes, and the ‘discernment’ of their ‘discerning ones’ is hidden away.”

1) The simultaneity of a Sovereign God orchestrating everything with perfect precision and the human choice that will rightly be recompensed.

2) In order for God to finally get their attention and shut up all their self-righteousness, God will have to give them the ultimate shock.

ROMANS 11:11-15 ~ 11I say then, they did not stumble so as to fall, did they? May it never be! But by their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles, to make them jealous. 12Now if their transgression is riches for the world and their failure is riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fulfillment be! 13But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 14if somehow I might move to jealousy my fellow countrymen and save some of them. 15For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?

It states that Israel __________________ (transgressed through unbelief), but their stumble did not result in a full _________ (irrevocable damnation).

God’s two-fold purpose in hardening Israel.

1) It is salvation to the ___________________ that was promised all along.

2) The order and scope of ___________________ was turned upside down from a Jewish perspective to elicit a two-tiered response.

A) Jealousy

B) Humble, joyous gratitude at the full recognition of grace.

Verses 12 and 15 are parallel. 12, “How much more will their fulfillment be!” There is something future, that’s better than salvation to the Gentiles.

Luke 15:3-32, James 5:19&20

Verse 15 reiterates what’s already been said and adds an interesting phrase… “Life from the dead.”

Looking forward to verse 25, we see, “That a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.”

II Corinthians 3:14

Once the full number of Gentiles are saved, God will soften the heart of Israel and then the Jews will flood the church with a joyous, humble, gratitude that would have been impossible any other way. The words in verse 15, “Life from the dead” refer to the Resurrection.

052117 - Romans 10c - The Remnant
May 22, 2017 08:53 AM PDT
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Romans 10:16 through 11:6, Pastor Scott Keller

Last week we covered the concept of how a person is given the ________________________________ to be saved.

Acts 4:12

We fulfill our divine commission when we actively _______________ to the Holy Spirit ministering to others through us…

ROMANS 10:16&17 ~ 16However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report?” 17So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.
Verse 16, is really an interruption to Paul’s flow. While the preaching is the efficient cause for transmission, it is not a sufficient cause. We preach… the _______________________ are between the other person and God.

In verse 17, he concludes that salvific faith comes from a personal embrace of the Message ________________ specifically about Jesus as the Christ.

ROMANS 10:18-21 ~ 18But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have; “Their voice has gone out into all the earth, And their words to the ends of the world.” 19But I say, surely Israel did not know, did they? First Moses says, “I will make you jealous by that which is not a nation, By a nation without understanding will I anger you.” 20And Isaiah is very bold and says, “I was found by those who did not seek Me, I became manifest to those who did not ask for Me.” 21But as for Israel He says, “All the day long I have stretched out My hands to a disobedient and obstinate people.”

The reasoning in the first rhetorical question is since so many Jews refused to believe – it must be because they didn’t ________________.

Paul adamantly rejects that idea and then quotes Psalm 19. 1) The Gospel had been preached enough for any Jew to find it if they _______________. 2) The Gospel had already been preached to them through the _________.

The second question essentially states, since the Jews heard, but did not accept, they must not have _______________________.
Paul will have nothing to do with that excuse either. He quotes the last part of Deuteronomy 32:21. In that chapter Moses is giving final instructions…

1) Through Torah they knew their propensity to pride and stubbornness and they knew the key was to _________________ seek God’s mercy and _____________________ accept God’s forgiveness.

2) Once the Gentiles started accepting Jesus as the Jewish Messiah and becoming transformed Christians… The Jews should have ____________.

In verse 20&21, Paul quotes Isaiah 65:1&2 respectively. Paul applies verse 1, to the Gentiles and in answer, applies verse 2, the Jews. The effect of all these questions and quotations is that the Jewish people were without any ___________________.

ROMANS 11:1-6 ~ 1I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He? May it never be! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel? 3“Lord, they have killed Your prophets, they have torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they are seeking my life.” 4But what is the divine response to him? “I have kept for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” 5In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God’s gracious choice. 6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.

To prove that God has not rejected the Jews. Paul starts by pointing out that he is a Jew. The Bible is constantly telling us that God will never reject His people and that God is, by His very nature, faithful.

Psalm 94:14, I Samuel 12:22

Elijah discovered that appearances count for nothing when it comes to the plans of God. Verse 6, shows that the remnant was maintained, not because certain Jews were perfect, but because God was gracious. Salvation has only ever been through His ______________________.

Exodus 33:19, Romans 9:15 & Joel 2:32, Romans 10:13

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