Aletheia Christian Fellowship Podcast
Truth in Love
042416 - James 1d
April 26, 2016 05:24 PM PDT
James 1:9-18, Pastor Scott Keller
James has now said that we need to have the God-given wisdom to recognize that the circumstances we find ourselves in are only temporary and must be used to enhance our Joy, refine our faith and build our perseverance.
If you are suffering and you are finding it difficult to put it into a proper Christian perspective… it is BECAUSE you lack WISDOM… according to the Bible. So, what are you to do? ASK GOD! “Ask and you SHALL receive.”
James 1:9-11 ~ 9But the brother of humble circumstances is to glory in his high position; 10and the rich man is to glory in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away. 11For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.
These three verses seem easy enough… poor people should realize that they are rich in the Lord and will spend an eternity far wealthier than any person on earth.
Rich people should realize that whatever they have now, will all instantly vanish upon their imminent physical death and so they too must look to and prepare for eternity by humbly submitting to the Lord.
Time – that artifice created by God to force us to a decision point – keeps moving and there isn’t anything we can do to slow its advance.
Live for the inevitable future. Have the wisdom to prepare for what comes next…
Remember the rope?
That is a reasonable interpretation of those verses. It aligns with other Biblical passages and it is therefore true and satisfactory. Most people stop there and move on to verse 12.
For those intrepid souls who like to dig deeper and really get to the meat of the matter… it doesn’t take long before realizing that the passage is not as simple as it first seems.
In fact, this passage becomes very difficult for scholars to figure out and is one of the more troublesome sections in the Book.
I won’t bore you with all the technical minutia and the various issues and concepts involved… I do want to show you what I’m convinced is really going on here.
So without throwing away the nice easy answer, let’s delve deeper.
I think the key to the entire problem is essentially what I said last week about asking God for wisdom.
James had NOT started a new topic there and he has NOT started a new topic here either. This is NOT a separate instruction concerning the financial status of people and how they are to understand their physical wealth or lack thereof.
First, despite what some people think, both juxtaposed people are Christians… one poor, one rich.
BUT, the first person is NOT actually poor. Some translations state him as such plainly… Others state it more subtly as our nasb, “Of humble circumstances.” BUT that still implies a poor person… a person in economic poverty.
The single Greek word translated as those three words in the NASB, is ταπεινός (tä-pā-nŏs), and it actually means low. Jesus said, “I am gentle and humble (that’s ταπεινός, I am gentle and humble) in heart” Matthew 11:29.
It is a person, in this context, who is going through a trial, NOT a person without financial resources… although, being short on money, can sometimes be the basis of a trial.
The word was used to translate Proverbs 3:34 into Greek, 23 centuries ago… “Though He scoffs at the scoffers, Yet He gives grace to the afflicted (ταπεινός).”
That Scripture was quoted by Jesus and by Peter (Matthew 23:12, I Peter 5:5), but also by James a little later in chapter 4, verse 6, “God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble (ταπεινός).”
Translators, commentators and Bible students, are all spring-loaded to assume a metaphorical meaning of ταπεινός as low in material wealth, making it solely about a person in financial poverty… ONLY because the next guy discussed in our passage today is “Rich.”
Of course taken that way – these three verses have nothing to do with what preceded … a person in distress asking God for wisdom in faith rather than in doubt, or what comes next, which is, “Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial.”
They take it as unrelated to what came before and what comes after, because of the context of the passage where “LOWLY” is contrasted with “Rich.”
Well you know I’m all about context, BUT I think there is a way to see a bigger context and enhance the meaning of this passage without losing anything in the process.
My belief is that there is a metaphorical word here alright, BUT that it is the word for, “Rich,” NOT for, “Low.”
I believe the Holy Spirit through James is still on the same topic from verse 2, and that the flow of the letter has not been interrupted by a rabbit trail concerning wealth, any more than it was interrupted by a rabbit trail concerning wisdom and double-mindedness.
James will talk about material possessions later in the letter, BUT right here, he’s still talking about trials. joy, endurance and asking for the wisdom to see difficulties for what they are in order to stand firm.
What he’s saying then is that you who are beaten down, afflicted, humbled by life… you who are going through the trials and tribulations of life… you who are crying out to God in your distress for His wisdom, strength and encouragement…
You, “Glory in your high position”! You are a child of God – He’s got you – it is going to be okay… because no matter how it seems… you are already in a HIGH position where it counts as opposed to the LOW position in this physical life where it doesn’t.
You are His beloved… You are gaining faith, courage and endurance as you pray for wisdom and stay the course in His strength… You are the recipient of the Victor’s Crown of Life… you just need to catch up to it in time.
On the other hand, is the “Rich man.” The πλούσιος (plü-sē-ŏs). Rich is often used for other kinds of wealth… George was the “Richest man in town,” because he came to understand what real wealth was all about… God, family, friends, doing the right thing.
The Apostle Paul used this same word in Ephesians 2:4, calling God, “Rich… in mercy.” In the very next chapter our author James, will use this word again, to say, “God choose the poor of this world to be rich… in faith and heirs of the Kingdom…”
People do not become, “Rich in faith and heirs of the Kingdom, simply because they are financially strapped! He clearly uses poor and rich as metaphors in the very next chapter.
It is as Jesus said in the Beatitudes… “Blessed are the poor in spirit.” In other words, blessed are the humble in attitude.
Those who are poor enough in spirit, humble enough in attitude, low enough in self-sufficiency to “Love Him” (James 2:5), they are made “Rich.”
1) So first, IF you are rich or abundantly supplied in your present life circumstances… IF things are going well for you right now, remember that also is a temporary condition.
Today, your life may seem like the beautiful grass in full flower, but before you know it, things will change… It “Will pass away. For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed.”
It can all go south in a hurry… So get ready. Gear up spiritually for the temptation, trial and test to come.
We have people who prepare for physical disaster… people who stockpile food, guns and ammunition in order to be ready for trouble.
Let’s say such a person has a neighbor who thinks it’s crazy and does nothing to prepare. Now, let’s say trouble comes.
If the Prepper survives and the non-prepper doesn’t… who’s to blame?
That’s merely physical life… we’re talking about eternal life. Don’t you think it makes sense to prepare for the trouble spiritually in order to stand firm in the faith that has eternal consequences?
In this first nuance of being rich in your present circumstances, “glory in your humiliation…” which is to say, glory in the fact that you are strong, only in His strength – that you are, “Rich,” only in His wealth.
Please do NOT be distracted from God, by the good times…
When things are going well, that isn’t the time to ignore God – that’s the time to get ready for the next battle by humbling ourselves and seeking God.
I will tell you the Truth… when you are suddenly crushed by the weight of a trial… there is really nothing I can say to help you… it is too late for that.
When you are drowning in the problem all I can do is listen and pray.
What that means is that IF you are going to be better prepared for the next calamity, you need to learn everything you can between volleys.
Peacetime is to get ready for wartime… C.S. Lewis said we are living our lives in enemy occupied territory and our job is to actively resist, to actively sabotage the efforts of the bad guys.
It isn’t a matter of if there will be trouble… trouble is already here. Let’s get ready.
Last week I said, when everything is going well we sometimes forget that God is the one allowing it to go well… I think He allows those seasons as our opportunity to prepare.
Constantly recognize that it is God who “Is able to make you stand…” Press into Him when you are LOW so that He can lift you HIGH… and press into Him when you are RICH so that you will be prepared when trouble strikes (Romans 14:4).
I don’t want us to fixate on the sky is falling… When things are good, we should gratefully, thankfully appreciate that, but also be fully aware that, just like tough times, easy times, are also temporary.
We need to fully understand that only God can make it good for eternity and that He has done precisely that…. with that understanding, we hit the even more important idea or nuance concerning the rich man…
We are all the rich man, all the time, regardless of our present situation. That’s why I love that Matt Redman song, “Blessed be Your name.”
It is blessing God, “In the land that is plentiful Where His streams of abundance flow.”
Every blessing God pours out, however it seems to physical eyes, “I'll turn back to praise.”
With preparation… with asking for wisdom… with His strength, “When the darkness closes in, Lord
It is a choice.
And it is a choice, I daresay, you cannot make in your own strength… be prepared and when you are brought LOW, God will lift you HIGH and you will be RICH in Him, now and forevermore.
James 1:12 ~ 12Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.
“Trial” is the word for a test seeking failure and “Been approved,” is the word for a test seeking success.
It means that the test that was designed to destroy you. The trial that was searching to prove your inadequacy – to find fault with you – to confirm your failure…
That test, BECAUSE of God strengthening you to endure and bear up under it – to stand firm and carry on to finish well… That test was turned into a test that actually ended up proving your Christian character and proclaiming, to both the physical and spiritual realms, that you are a resounding success.
You, “Who persevere under trial,” are victorious! You WILL be awarded the Crown of Life.
They are many crowns mentioned in the Bible… Royal crowns, The Crown of Thorns, a Crown of Exultation, a Crown of Righteousness and a Crown of Glory… But this exact, “Crown of Life” is found in only one other place… Revelation 2:10, Jesus speaks to the Christians of Smyrna, “Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, so that you will be tested, and you will have tribulation for ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.”
James 1:13-18 ~ 13Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone. 14But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. 15Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. 16Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren. 17Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow. 18In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.
When the test does NOT go so well… Here’s the deal… we are humans. As humans it doesn’t take us very long to try to deflect at least some of the blame.
We will eventually try to mitigate our guilt and reduce our responsibility by rationalizing that it wasn’t really our fault.
Yes, I cheated on my income taxes, BUT they are too high and the government is corrupt. Yes, I cheated on my timecard, BUT my employer is rich and doesn’t appreciate me. Yes, I cheated on my spouse, but my spouse is distant and probably cheated on me.
James under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit isn’t having any of it!
These 6 verses essentially say… YOU are RESPONSIBLE for the CHOICES you make.
Notice who’s absent in this passage? Where’s Satan? Where’s the, “Devil made me do it”?
James fully understands the Devil’s role in temptation… In chapter 4 verse 7, James will say, “So submit to God. But resist the devil and he will flee from you” (NET).
We love to blame the Devil for our failures, BUT the Bible tells us right here it is our choice to “Submit to God” and to “Resist the Devil.”
I don’t want to get into a whole philosophical discourse about Aristotelian cause, BUT I do need us to see and understand, that the cause of our failure, in the final analysis, is us.
As Pogo famously said, “We have met the enemy and he is us.”
Each one of us is ultimately responsible for his or her own choices in life REGARDLESS of the tests, trials and temptations that come our way.
How can I be so sure? Because each one of us, as individual people – one by one – will give an account to the “Judge of the Living and the Dead” (I Peter 4:5).
Jesus said, we would give an accounting on the “Day of Judgment” for “Every careless word we have uttered” (Matthew 12:36).
The NLT is simple and to the point in its translation of Romans 14:12, “Yes, each of us will give a personal account to God.”
Of course this is where James is going as we see in just a few more verses… James 1:22, where he says… “But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.”
It is not enough to have an academic understanding or a theoretical belief… Life is real – death is real and so we need to be real.
Life and the struggles in it that lead all the way to death are REVEALERS of true belief.
People also blame God for their failure… I hear it all the time… “Why God, why did You let this happen to me?”
Since God is in control He could have prevented this difficulty, BUT He didn’t and so I don’t have to play nice either.
James says such a thing is ridiculous… God is NOT testing you to see you fail – to see you destroyed… God is the one who wants to help you survive the test and emerge victorious.
I recently talked about the problem of Good and Evil so I won’t talk about it today – BUT trust me there are very excellent reasons God allows calamity.
The point here is when calamity comes it is God who wants to help you.
So James says in verse 16, “Do not be deceived.” Do NOT allow your troubles to cloud your thinking and cause you to come to faulty conclusions which can make you fail the test.
“Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.” Praise be to God – “Blessed be His glorious name.”
God is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow – He never changes. His nature is PERFECT Goodness.
He has willed us to be successful – turn to Him and win the victory that matters… turn to Him and take your place as a kind of first fruits among His creation.041716 - James 1c
April 20, 2016 09:53 AM PDT
James 1:5-8, Pastor Scott Keller
James who identifies himself as a slave to whatever God has for him. A guy who is obedient to whatever the Lord would have him do. A man who is surrendered to WHATEVER the Spirit directs.
That guy… Tells us that we are to chalk up our trials and tribulations… all the difficulties, temptations, failures, frustrations, pain and suffering of this life… we are supposed to chalk all of that up to JOY.
“JOY comes from realizing what one has already obtained.”
It is a recognition, NOT that the glass is half full… BUT that even if the glass is completely empty and shattered into a million pieces… IT was only ever a temporary glass… There is a glass that is so big the universe cannot contain it. IT is full to overflowing and will continue to overflow forever and ever…
This is just a little of the water overflowing YOUR personal cup.
It is the amazing love of a profoundly generous God that is ALREADY your possession in Christ Jesus X2
You are already a child of the living, almighty and perfect God… You already have an eternity of perfect relational peace with Him and with your siblings in Christ just around the corner… You already have a surety deposit of the Holy Spirit in you… as a Christian, that’s what you have already obtained.
Why are you worried about… anything… in this short, fleeting, temporary life?
That’s JOY… the mindset that allows a person to REJOICE in the Lord, even when everything in this physical life, seems to be a train wreck.
The awareness, acceptance and appropriation of God’s everlasting LOVE… that is ALREADY your possession in Christ Jesus, brings a trusting cessation of frantic effort to get it… or anything else for that matter.
Can you see that? When I trust God’s love and eternal provision – NOT only can I Rejoice no matter the circumstances, BUT, I can STOP fussing and fighting, worrying and fearing, conniving and pretending and simply rest in His embrace… I am at peace.
The opposite of joy is fear. There is no fear in Love… because – Perfect love drives out fear. Love therefore eliminates fear and begets Joy and Joy begets Peace… IF I am at peace, then I can patiently endure until the end. IF I can patiently endure, I can do so as an ever maturing Christian person… That is the Fruit of the Spirit and what it means.
We also see that here in James. According to verse 4, endurance results in, or produces a person of settled Christian character who will stand firm and finish the race…
So you might say that such a person… who has put their experience, emotion and education to good use, building a surplus of JOY… by recognizing God’s everlasting Love… is… wise…
James 1:5-8, 5But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him. 6But he must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind. 7For that man ought not to expect that he will receive anything from the Lord, 8being a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.
Now if we cut through all these words to get to the core thought we can see that a lack of wisdom can be fixed by asking God with wholehearted faith.
That’s the primary concept once we strip away all the extra words…
1) Lack Wisdom?
Okay, what precisely does James mean by the word “Wisdom”? Has he completely abandoned his previous thought about trials and Joy and taken up a totally new topic concerning wisdom?
As I already hinted… the answer is a resounding, NO!
First, that’s not how the Bible works. We have artificially created phrases, sentences and paragraphs in English where they do not exist in Greek and we have inserted verses, sections and chapters dividing the Word where no such divisions exist in the original.
We do that for good reason… It allows us to read smoothly and to reference more easily, BUT never make the mistake of thinking you can take any bit of God’s Word and separate it from its original contextual meaning.
If I quote the verses I just read, without any other context… who would ever think the preceding verse talked about endurance and the following verse talked about humility? So we have to recognize the flow of the letter.
Secondly, all words have a range of meaning. Wednesday we talked about the word, “Light.” It can mean literal light waves, intellectual illumination, the Truth, purity, moral perfection, and so on… a RANGE of meaning.
When translating Greek φῶς (fōs), we come up with an English word that has a meaning matching the original… “Light.” It is the meaning corresponding to the red X. X, marks the spot of equivalent meaning, BUT the range of meaning, illustrated by the colored spheres for the words is rarely ever identical or perfectly matched.
The Greek and the English words overlap in meaning, but they have other nuances that are not the same.
We see a word like “Wisdom,” and accept it for its whole ENGLISH meaning in our experience and understanding, NOT realizing that the Greek word, in this case σοφία (sŏ-fē-ä), may have a different scope or range of meaning.
We may limit, we may expand, or we may simply alter, the total meaning of the original word, based upon our understanding of the English word chosen.
As an easy example, ἀγάπη (ä-gä-pā), is translated as “Love,” we all know that, but as we have seen many times, Agape’s range of meaning is very specific compared to the range of meaning for love. Agapê never means sex, but love can.
My point is that we make connections in the Bible, or make divisions in the Bible, based upon a somewhat faulty understanding of the meaning of the original word…
In this case we see “Wisdom,” and assume it has nothing to do with the previous verses and so we must be starting a new topic.
To really make it simple and blunt… The underlying word σοφία, translated here as, “Wisdom,” means more than we initially realize and so it is related to the previous section.
In addition, there is a coordinating phrasing in Greek that tells us verse 4 and above is inextricably tied to verse 5 and below.
In the most Bibles you can see it preserved in English even though none of us would catch it without it being pointed out to us…
In the NASB, ESV, Holman, NIV, and others, verse 4, essentially ends with, “Lacking in nothing.” Verse 5 starts with, “But if any of you LACKS wisdom.”
Lacking and Lacks, or the NET’s double use of the word, “Deficient,” or the NLT’s, “Needing nothing,” in verse 4, and “If you need wisdom,” in verse 5, are all conveying that Greek coordinating construction.
You say that seems pretty flimsy. Yes, in English it is flimsy and that’s why we miss it… But in Greek, James has intentionally used a word twice to tie the two seemingly different topics together. It is an advanced literary technique.
The quality of Greek writing in James is excellent – some of the best in the Bible. In contrast, the Greek of I John, that we are studying on Wednesdays, is very basic.
James and I John stand on opposite ends of the literary quality spectrum, but each letter is absolutely perfect in its own way.
What all of this means is that the “Wisdom,” James is talking about here, is first and foremost, the wisdom to discern a test for what it is… an opportunity for Christian growth.
We have to turn our eyes upon Jesus.
I don’t want to say too much now, BUT the same concept is at play in chapter 5, where the “Sick” person is to call the Elders to pray.
“Wisdom,” here, and “Sick,” there, mean more than we typically think, and so in both cases give us a far richer meaning than the English words chosen would suggest at first blush.
In both places it is about understanding what’s going on in the big picture – realizing God has plans and purposes we cannot come close to comprehending and so, simply trusting in Him by keeping an ETERNAL perspective… looking forward to the finish line… counting it all Joy… staying the course… standing firm.
If you are suffering and you are finding it difficult to put it into a proper Christian perspective… it is BECAUSE you lack awareness, discernment and understanding… it is because you lack WISDOM… so, what are you to do? ASK GOD!
It says God gives, first of all, “Generously.” God is NOT stingy with His children! God loves you! God wants you to succeed and He wants you to do it by recognizing that He is with you and for you… God, the Author of All Things, is with you and for YOU!
Pray! Ask Him, He is actually eager to pour more out upon you than you can accept…
That of course, is the weak link… our limited ability to accept because of our limited faith.
We’ll get to it – BUT for now, please know and believe that God, for His part, is “Generous.”
Next, God gives this super-overabundance, “Without reproach.” This should be so comforting!
I have no agenda with this picture – it just illustrates making someone feel small. God doesn’t do that when we come to Him for help!
Sometimes a trial takes us to a dark place… sometimes there’s fear and doubt and sometimes there’s anger and hate.
Sometimes we just mess it up… BUT praise be to God our generous and gracious Heavenly Father and to the Lord Jesus Christ who is Himself fully able to empathize with our suffering from actual personal experience…
GOD will give you the wisdom, strength and ability to carry on without condemning your initial or even ongoing failure to fully trust Him. He wants to help you with that.
He is NOT interested in upbraiding you, chastising you, finding fault with you, rebuking you, reprimanding you… God WILL give to you “Without reproach.”
Run to Him without embarrassment, without anxiety, without fear and ASK Him. Do not delay… in Him are all the answers.
There’s only one obstacle to gaining “Wisdom” once you’ve overcome yourself and actually asked for it…
In a nutshell – it is a lack of faith.
Of course we know that anything you can fit in a nutshell belongs there.
So what can we discern about a lack of faith in this case?
First, it should be noted that the Bible never applauds, encourages or even condones DOUBT. So many people today think that doubt is a sign of intelligence, or savvy – that it is being non-judgmental, open-minded and unprejudiced.
Doubting everything has become the hallmark of the evolved person… Well, doubting God is the hallmark of the doomed person… Hebrews 11:6 states it succinctly, “Without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him.”
The key to doing that is also asking God in prayer… He is the one who can increase our faith. If you really think about it increased faith comes by asking God for wisdom while going through a trial.
God grants wisdom commensurate with your faith and your faith is then increased.
Next time you ask for wisdom with more faith than the last time.
JOY and ENDURANCE and PEACE and PATIENCE and in this case WISDOM are all near synonyms for FAITH. They are so closely interrelated…
Faith, at its core, is a genuine belief one holds to be true. NOT what one claims to believe, BUT what one actually believes.
Actual, genuine belief is revealed by trials and tribulations… that’s where you find out what someone really believes.
True Biblical Faith in God is essentially Joy… recognizing the fact that everything in life can be used as fodder for increased Joy – increased faith – that is Wisdom.
Wisdom leads to faith, BUT you need faith to gain Wisdom.
You need a job to gain experience, BUT you can’t get a job without experience… what you need is some help… a leg-up… an in…
The prayer then is to ask for wisdom with faith that God is good and generous and desirous to help and to simultaneously ask for the faith to trust that it is true…
Lord I can’t do it. I need Your help. I am crying out to You to lift me up, give me Your Wisdom to see things for what they truly are – to see things as You see them. I know and believe that You will grant me the Wisdom that will give me the strength to carry on…
The Joy that will enable me to rejoice in the midst of my trouble… Lord “I do believe; help my unbelief” (Mark 9:24).
The Wisdom we seek gives us the strength to press on through the trial… NOT the craftiness to escape it.
Why doesn’t God answer my prayers?
Quite simply, because we pray for the wrong things… Let me say it again, because I thought long and hard about this and it is important… God does not answer our prayers for one reason and one reason only… it is because we ask for the wrong things… that’s it.
You may be thinking, surely there are other reasons… no, not really.
The Bible tells us in multiple places that if we ask – we will receive – God will hear, God will answer, we will get.
Jesus said in the Sermon on the Mount, recorded in Matthew 7:7, “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.”
Or again in Matthew 21:22, “If you believe, you will receive whatever you ask for in prayer.”
So many people pray like God is Santa Claus, or a magician or a Genie in a bottle or like He’s Bernie Sanders… Eager to give to them whatever their little heart desires.
Jesus explained that human fathers give good things to their children and then He says, “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him!” (Matthew 7:9-12).
Therein lies the key to the entire issue… God will give what is good.
The reason we don’t receive is because we ask for the wrong things – the reason God won’t give us the wrong things we ask for is because He only gives us what is good.
If your 3-year-old child asks you for a loaded gun; will you give it to them and walk away?
A loaded gun can be a wonderful thing to have… most everyone in this crowd would agree that it can be very good… but is it good for a toddler?
We ask God for the wrong things… Sometimes the right thing might be the illumination of our hidden sin in order to properly repent.
Sometimes the right thing might be forgiveness for treating our spouse poorly or for all the other sins in our life.
Perhaps the correct thing is obedient surrender to the Will of God.
Maybe after all that, it would be wisdom, strength, character, perseverance, self-control.
James 4:3, bluntly states, “You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your pleasures.”
We ask to get out of the trial – God put a stop to my suffering – God free me from my trouble… Why do we ask that?
We ask for our pleasure – a stop to the difficulty we are enduring… it is the wrong motive because it seeks our will rather than God’s will… it is asking for the wrong thing.
Someone may cite Jesus saying in John 14:13&14, “Whatever you ask in My name, that will I do, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.”
Ask Jesus anything you want and simply add to the end of the prayer, “In Jesus name, amen.”
And He is required, bound, forced to comply. You’ve said the magic incantation and you will receive whatever you desire.
To ask in Jesus name, actually means, to ask as an ambassador or representative of Jesus… it is to ask what He would ask… it is to ask like Jesus.
Isn’t it interesting that the very next verse in that John passage is, “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.”
It is about conforming to Jesus – being like our Master – praying the way He prayed… and what did Jesus pray? Luke 22:42, “Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me; yet not My will, but Yours be done.” What does the very next verse there say? “Now an angel from heaven appeared to Him, strengthening Him.”
The absolute granting of our proper prayer requests is more clearly seen in, I John 5:14, “If we ask anything according to His will, He hears us.”
We were discussing this very thing in the Elder’s Meeting…
It can sometimes seem like there’s no real point to praying… IF we pray for God’s perfect will done on earth as it is in Heaven… and IF God is going to orchestrate things according to His perfect will anyway… why pray?
I alluded to that last week… God will sovereignly do what God must do because He is good… BUT it is up to us whether we are on board or not.
“Pray, NOT to align God with God’s will with yours, BUT to align your heart to His.”
Prayer is first and foremost relational… I talk to people I have a relationship with.
Prayer is dependence upon God… when things are going well enough we look at this part as an exercise of mere acknowledgement… tipping our hat to God so to speak… BUT, my friends, never mistake it for that.
No matter how well things seem to be going, we are completely dependent upon God’s provision moment-by-moment!
Prayer for God’s perfect will to be done is a direction corrector. It realigns our focus and thinking… it renews our mind…
Jesus – the one we are supposed to imitate, said in John 6:38, “For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”
We, as Christians, as Disciples, as Slaves, are NOT put upon this earth to do our will – to get out of life what we want… we are here to do His will…
When I repeatedly, daily, pray, “Yet NOT my will, BUT Your will be done.” I am reminded, refocused, renewed.
As prayer reminds me of my purpose, it enables me to trust and as I trust, I am able to believe… because, my friends, God is faithful to answer my prayers.
I have received His wisdom, comfort, strength and joy beyond measure. Jesus said in John 16:24, “In My name; ask and you will receive, so that your joy may be made full.”
God eagerly, generously, freely desires to give you what you request in keeping with His will and when you receive that wisdom from above your joy will be made complete.
Once we get this concept for getting through and getting the most out of our suffering we can carefully extrapolate it out to other areas of our Christian walk and to wisdom in general and especially for knowing the Will of God.
Notice carefully that here it really does tell us that this is a request that asked in faith WILL be granted.
It is God’s promise… He WILL give you generously and without reproach His strength to stand in the midst of whatever storm surrounds you.
It is a Heavenly guarantee.
James emphasizes the certainty of God granting the wisdom to rejoice in your circumstances by essentially saying that to ask and not receive was to ask and not be sure of God’s gracious character.
It is actually a blasphemy against God to ask for wisdom without knowing to the core of your being that He will give you just that.
This goes to the Biblical idea that God will never forsake or abandon you. As Paul taught in, I Corinthians 10:13, “God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.”
I promise you, whatever your problem, God will enable you to endure and eventually He will provide a way out…
If I’m honest with you, and I hope you know that I am, that way out, may be the transition into the next life.
Know that God is in control and that He knows what He’s doing… It may not seem like He’s in control at times and His plan may not make any sense to us, BUT know that He is able and He is good and whatever His will – it is perfect.041016 - James 1b
April 14, 2016 08:30 AM PDT
James 1:2-4, Pastor Scott Keller
James is the most American and least American Book of the Bible all at the same time.
It is the least American because, 1) it encourages endurance in suffering… we don’t like pain. 2) It discourages wealth… we like money. 3) It encourages silence… we like to talk.
It is the most American in that it is arguably the most practical Bible Book… It is the handbook on how you DO Christianity… Americans are all about practical, personal, application.
I’m always saying, “BE a Christian…” Well, this is the guide on how to do that.
The best subtitle for this book of “James,” really is, “A Faith that Works.”
Here’s what most people miss… There is a profound reason behind the practical outworking…
Even in James, God gives us the principle first and the application second… We just need to look a little harder. But, as I like to say, the Bible is always, “Principle then Praxis.”
To be honest, we will not get to fully discuss the principle behind the activity today… but I’m going to at least give us a sample today…
James 1:2-4 ~ 2Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, 3knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 4And let endurance have its perfect result, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.
James wastes no papyrus, ink or time in getting straight to the point!
It fits perfectly with what we know about James. He was a no nonsense guy who knew far better than most the Truth of Christianity.
Like Paul, he was a stanch unbeliever and to some degree a persecutor of Christ. Also, like Paul, the Risen Lord Jesus had a face-to-face meeting with him to straighten that out.
James didn’t think… Christianity was right.
So for him, there was no point in wasting a single moment of time… or a tiny bit of effort… or a miniscule amount of money… on things that had no eternal significance.
It just made no sense… why squander anything on non-essential business?
It would be like playing in the NCAA national basketball championship and with the score tied in the last five minutes… you decide to go get an ice cream cone.
It would make no sense at all and that’s how James viewed life after the Resurrection…
It just didn’t compute. Why would a person neglect even a single opportunity to do something vital to eternity?
That’s the difference in degrees of belief… As I said last week, the first great question is “What do you believe?” The second great question is then, “How much do you believe it?” James believed so much it passed beyond certainty into the category of guaranteed fact.
I’ve mentioned before that, IF Jesus, were to manifest Himself right here, right now. IF He, were to physically appear before us and interact with us for, let’s say, the next 30 minutes…
None of us would sin during that time. No one is going to say nasty things, push and shove, be rude or mean-spirited, during His visit. No one is going to lie, cheat, steal or commit adultery, let alone murder, rape, pillage or plunder, in that half hour.
Every one of us will be perfectly behaved, heavenly focused, God adoring saints… because of His presence.
Yet, that is precisely what’s actually going on just beyond our ability to perceive.
Jesus is with us right here, right now and at all times in all places… more than that, IF you are a Christian, God’s divine Holy Spirit is inside of you – you are born again… and yet… and yet…
The difference between how I live my life, and how I should live my life, all boils down to the degree of my acceptance of how things truly are just beyond my reach… just outside of my vision… just a bit too far behind the veil.
IF I could see the spiritual world as it is… Would I waste time, effort or money doing anything that was unnecessary, as it relates to that world?
Obviously, there are things necessary to our physical existence… eating is one… Eating requires food, which in turn requires money, which in turn requires work.
God said through the Apostle Paul in II Thessalonians 3:10, “If anyone is not willing to work, then he is not to eat, either.”
I’m not entirely sure why that is so difficult for people to figure out… BUT, that’s a sermon for another day.
The point is while we do need to do mundane things for our physical existence and we need to help others and we need some R&R when it is deserved… Even Marines get vacation.
While all that is true… how much should I spend on myself, once my basic needs are met?
Probably… the amount of resources I expend on myself will go down proportionally as the amount my faith goes up.
That’s probably right… isn’t it? The more certain I am about the spiritual realities around me the less I focus on my temporary physical life.
We should constantly cry out to Jesus as the boy’s father in Mark 9:24 did, “I do believe; help my unbelief.”
That is a taste of the principle behind James’ practical application guidebook. When James tells us to think, speak and act as he does… it is with that principle of knowing the future that undergirds his instructions.
So, back to our verses…
Let’s break them down and then hopefully we will put it back together with greater understanding and appreciation…
“Consider it all Joy.”
It is actually a command… God, through James, isn’t suggesting… He’s telling…
Tally, account, log, input, score, count, record… CONSIDER IT… Acknowledge, reckon and file it in your ledger as being… ALL Joy.
“All,” is a lot more than some, in fact it is actually…
Joy… Joy is χαρά (čḥä-ȑä), it is the second element in the Fruit of the Holy Spirit.
It is a noun based upon the verb to rejoice… In our Biblical setting it is almost always in reference to rejoicing in the Lord.
As a verb it is the grateful, appreciative, thanksgiving to God for His goodness and grace – it is the active praise and worship of His Holy Name as the Almighty.
So as our noun, Joy, it is the BASIS behind that heartfelt praise, worship and thanksgiving. It is the underlying attitude, demeanor and disposition that enables or causes rejoicing.
As I’ve mentioned before, the Greeks were philosophers and many of their words have important idealistic, philosophical meanings.
Joy is such a word, Biblical Joy, is often misunderstood by people today. So many folks confuse this Joy with happiness and think of it primarily as an emotion.
It is not even close to happiness and while it definitely carries an emotional aspect, it is definitely NOT primarily an emotion.
Biblical Joy, and please get this, Biblical Joy, is something that is derived from and molded by our thoughts.
We choose Joy.
Think of Joy for a moment as being like an imaginary object – let’s say a red rose. Close your eyes for a moment and think about a red rose.
Construct the rose in your mind’s eye.
Now, my friends, open your eyes…
It can become so REAL as you think about it… Yet, it was created by you in your own mind.
IF what you conceived of was very similar to this picture it is for good reason… The Rose you envisioned was based upon your actual previous knowledge, experience and emotional responses to red roses in this physical reality.
That’s like JOY. Joy doesn’t really exist outside of our own mind, BUT it can only be internally constructed through contemplating, focusing, concentrating on our actual previous knowledge, experience and emotions tied to this physical reality.
I know about God from other people and my own contemplations confirmed by the Holy Bible and the Holy Spirit.
I have experienced God in a variety of ways from the general revelation of nature all the way down to the personal revelation in my own life through miracles, encounters and observations.
I have been emotionally moved in praise and worship, in helping others, in being helped by others, in flashes of insight and in a million other ways.
All of these things… I store up and treasure in my heart just as the Mother of Jesus did. I concentrate on them and put them into an order that makes it take on substance and the more I think about it, the more defined and developed JOY becomes… the more real it is to me.
Of course, no one can see my JOY because it is created inside of me based upon my actual previous knowledge, experience and emotions…
BUT, the evidence of my internal JOY is unmistakable. You can’t miss it… because JOY results in physical rejoicing.
Just as the effulgence, the heat and light are the inevitable byproducts of the nuclear reactions in the sun, so rejoicing is the inevitable result of internal JOY.
Joy is measured by the level of genuine rejoicing. You may not like that, BUT I cannot change the Truth.
I already said that rejoicing is NOT primarily emotional though… rejoicing can be quite emotional… BUT rejoicing is about acknowledging that God is.
God is on His throne, God is in control, God is orchestrating everything perfectly at all times… God IS God.
Rejoicing is thanking Him, loving Him, praising Him, worshipping Him, TRUSTING Him, in every circumstance and situation… acknowledging God’s perfection when non-Believers cannot comprehend why you would.
It’s because you know what they don’t and that certainty is called JOY.
Joy is the result of recognizing Truth… In the Fruit of the Holy Spirit found in Galatians 5:22&23, we often think love is an apple, joy is an orange, peace is a kiwi etc. BUT the Fruit is actually singular and each element is a part of a single beautiful fruit (metaphorically)… it all works together to become the evidence of the work of the Holy Spirit in a person.
The first element is what? Yes, Love, but not any love, it is Agapê, that unconditional, altruistic, God-love.
When a person has sufficiently recognized that God loves them… By meditating on that Truth from God…
When that person is persuaded by their religious experience, God-honoring emotion and theological education… that the Creator of the Universe actually loves them… Then Joy.
Joy starts as an intellectual acceptance of the Truth that God loves you and therefore holds you and keeps you no matter what happens… “Neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate you from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Romans 8:38&39).
When a person fully gets that… then Joy.
Verse 6, “So greatly rejoice. There is wonderful joy ahead, even though you must endure many trials for a little while. These trials will show that your faith is genuine. It is being tested as fire tests and purifies gold…”
Verse 8, “You love him even though you have never seen him. Though you do not see him now, you trust him; and you rejoice with a glorious, inexpressible joy.”
Joy is that underlying DISPOSITION that allows a person to thank God no matter what – to praise His name even when all seems lost, to Worship Him even when there seems to be no hope. To love and accept from Him whatever is in the offering… even when there is no understanding at all concerning His plans and purposes. Blessed be Your Name.
Joy manifests itself as the third element of the Fruit of the Holy Spirit… PEACE. Philippians 4:7
What is it we are to tally to the JOY ledger?
“Trials.” Have you had any trials in your life? Trials is πειρασμός (pā-ȑäs-mŏs). It is tests, temptations, troubles, difficulties… and let’s be honest… the horrors of life.
It is negative, evil, bad, painful, frustrating and life-shattering stuff.
I was saying to a friend the other day that Christianity is NOT Stoicism… nor is it Eastern Mysticism… Christianity doesn’t pretend that bad stuff isn’t bad, nor does it pretend that bad stuff isn’t real.
Bad stuff is bad… evil is evil… and pain is pain.
What Christianity tells us is that IF, IF, we will trust God, He can take the evil and use it for good.
Technically, God will use evil for good no matter what we do, BUT we IF we fail to trust Him we will suffer in misery and we might even miss the benefit.
One of Satan’s names is the πειράζων (pā-ȑä-dzōn), the Tempter; which means the one who tests or sifts or assesses by way of tempting. It is a NEGATIVE test designed to prove inadequacy, deficiency, weakness and produce failure.
It is like the automobile crash test – it tries to find error – it seeks to uncover the defects – it is looking for what is wrong. There are people like that… always examining everything and everyone to find fault. I wonder who their father is…
While that is the purpose and underlying goal of these “Various trials,” Verse 3 uses a completely different word, translated here as, “Testing.”
God flips the dynamic… testing is δοκίμιον (dŏ-kē-mē-ŏn), which is a POSITIVE test designed to prove competence, adequacy, strength and produce success.
God takes the evil “Trial,” seeking your destruction and wants to flip it to become a “Test,” that proves your competence, faith and ability.
You know, my favorite president is Theodore Roosevelt. Teddy said a lot of cool things and one of them was that, “Comparison is the thief of Joy.”
That is only true as we compare our situation to what we perceive is a better situation… I have a sore back, I compare my plight with a guy who doesn’t and I feel cheated.
What IF I compare myself to a guy who has had his back flayed open with a whip?
The test is really about perception…
I became a serious Christian during a fiery ordeal and afterwards I would often comment that, “If you weren’t going to prison or dying; it is all good.” After gaining a little Christian maturity – a modicum of trust in God, I realized that even if you were going to prison and dying; it was still all good.
I changed my saying to simply, “It’s all good.” Diane bought me a shirt with that maxim. My point is NOT that bad is good, BUT that because of the eternal plans and loving power of God, it will all end up perfect – so from that perspective, “It’s all good.”
That’s what the final stanza of the Lord’s Prayer is all about… “Lead us NOT into temptation, πειρασμός, BUT deliver us from Evil.” Do NOT allow the evil of this world – the trials and temptations sink me… BUT instead Lord let it be You who are tested in me so that through Your strength and faithfulness evil is overcome with victory and the test is a triumph.
It “Produces,” which is to say it, “Brings out in us,” endurance.
Our old friend ὑπομονή (hü-pŏ-mŏ-nā), to “Remain under.” It is the Greek Phalanx formation… It is to remain in position under the unbelievable pressure to thrown down your weapons and run away.
Life will beat down upon you to the point where you want to do practically anything to get out from under the pressure…
BUT, pressure is precisely what is needed to mold you into the image of Christ Jesus or Lord.
Do NOT waver or fall… Do NOT run away… trust!
These trials build faith in others around you as they try to minister hope and encouragement to you and as they see you stand firm.
It also builds your faith as you see God care for you through His Word and His Spirit and His people.
Now this work of endurance has the end goal of making you mature… making you a grownup Christian…
Ephesians 4:14, “As a result, we will no longer be immature like children. We won’t be tossed here and there by waves and blown about by every wind of doctrine. We will not be influenced by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming.”
A couple of chapters later in that Letter the Apostle Paul says…
So what have we learned today?
When, NOT if, BUT when, we undergo difficult things we are to chalk them up to lessons, tests, encounters and experiences that provide the substance for increased JOY.
Faithfulness in the midst of trial… God’s faithfulness to us, the faithfulness of our brothers and sisters in the Lord… and YES, our own faithfulness all work together to strengthen our faith – our trust in God and our surrender to His purposes…
We recognize that part of His purpose for us is that our increased faith builds and brings out our endurance…
Our ability to stand firm in the Lord under even greater pressure… an endurance that gives us assurance that we will not falter because through testing we have learned the secret…
We stand because, “The Lord is able to make us stand” (Romans 14:4). As Jude, the other brother of James said it is God, “Who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy” (Jude 24).
When so many Christians worry and fret about their eternal salvation… How can I be so certain that I will be saved for eternity?
Because I know in Whom I trust to make me stand.
When we know that, we can endure any test and that is the “End goal” and the “whole portion” of what God wants for you… that’s what it means to “Lack nothing.”
That is a Hope that won’t disappoint. The Apostle Paul put it this way in Romans 5:3-5, 3And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; 4and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.040316 - James 1a
April 05, 2016 09:14 AM PDT
James 1:1, Pastor Scott Keller
I love starting a new Book… it is so exciting to me because there is so much expectation. There is a whole flood of new information…
All manner of things to talk about… all the who, what, where, when, why… the historical data, the cultural ties, the theological implications.
In military aviation, learning never ends, BUT the formal portion takes about two years and during that time it is often compared to constantly taking a drink of water from a fire hose. There is just so much information to learn – it is quite frankly overwhelming, and many people drop out, because it’s just too much, too fast.
I feel like it’s similar when we start a new Book – there is so much I’m eager to share with you, that I just want to flood you with it all right now.
I’ve often thought about a computer download – just connect my brain to yours and then we go eat.
I’ll try to refrain from overwhelming you and ask your patience if I do, BUT please remember, what I always say about sermons around here, “It’s not important that you get everything – it’s only important that you get something.”
Let’s start simply… James, like John or Mary, was a common name in Jewish circles in the first century… so it can sometimes be confusing.
James is Greek, Ἰάκωβος (ē-ä-kō-bŏs), it’s the best you can do to form the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (yă-ă-kōv), into New Testament Greek… If that satisfies you, simply check out for the next 3 minutes while I explain why Jacob, is translated as James, in English.
What gives? Well there is a lovely conspiracy theory that the name was intentionally altered to honor the guy who sponsored the 1611 Bible that bears his name… King James of England, or perhaps his Scottish predecessors of the same name.
The Greek Bible… renders the name, Jacob, יַעֲקֹב, in the Old Testament, Ἰακώβ (ē-ä-kōb)… that’s pretty good.
The names are different in the Greek – so also in the Latin – so also now, in the English, even though it is all based on the same Hebrew name.
It is much like Jesus in the New Testament is based upon Joshua in the Old Testament.
The actual reason it became James, as opposed to some other name, goes back to changes in the Latin through French into English.
In the 1380’s, Wycliffe translated the Latin Bible into English and he is the one who rendered Jacob and James, for, Ἰακώβ and, Ἰάκωβος, respectively… That is what gave rise to people, being named James – not the other way around.
The very first King James I of Scotland was born at least ten years later, in July 1394. Sorry, no conspiracy here. Everyone who checked out can come back now…
The three most prominent James’ are the Apostle James, son of Alphaeus, who was probably the brother of the Apostle Matthew.
The Apostle James, son of Zebedee who was definitely the brother of the Apostle John. Some of my references are obscure – I know, but she likes it…
And then the James, we’re interested in today, our author, the half-brother of Jesus.
His father was Joseph, his mother was Mary, his older half-brother was Jesus, he had a few sisters and three younger brothers.
Joseph, Hellenized as Joses, who we don’t know much about, Simon who took over the Jerusalem church after James was murdered, and Judas, shortened to Jude, who wrote the Bible Book by the same name (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3).
James represents a perfect example of the concept that, “Familiarity breeds contempt,” along with the whole sibling rivalry thing thrown into the mix.
He was strongly opposed to Jesus during His big brother’s earthly life.
Three of the Gospels report the story about Jesus’ family coming to meet Him… Mark 3:31-35, says, Then Jesus’ mother and brothers arrived. Standing outside, they sent someone in to call him. A crowd was sitting around him, and they told him, “Your mother and brothers are outside looking for you.” “Who are my mother and my brothers?” he asked. Then he looked at those seated in a circle around him and said, “Here are my mother and my brothers! Whoever does God’s will is my brother and sister and mother.”
So, in three places in the Bible it seems that Jesus is not very friendly to His own earthly family – His mother accompanied by His brothers and undoubtedly His sisters as well… are rebuffed. It seems rude.
Here’s the rest of the story… we look just a couple of verses earlier, Jesus is starting to rub the religious officials the wrong way and, Mark 3:21 tells us, “When his family heard about this, they went to take charge of him, for they said, ‘He is out of his mind.’”
Jesus’ earthy family came to see Him to conduct an intervention… you thought that was a modern tactic. They were there to hogtie Him, take Him home and talk some sense into Him… that’s why they showed up.
Mary was no doubt afraid for Jesus’ safety. James probably wasn’t as concerned for Jesus’ health and welfare, as he was about the embarrassment to the family and the stress to their mom.
I heard a Christian comedian named Michael Jr., do a whole routine about how difficult it would have been to be James… How much pressure would it have been to be Jesus’ little brother? All his life everyone saying, “James! dude! why can’t you be more like Jesus?”
He said, “You know little brothers are always following big brothers around and trying to do the same stuff… I bet one time James almost drowned.” He’s a funny guy, but I am sure there’s some truth in it – I don’t think it was easy being James.
I imagine at this point, James was feeling a little satisfaction, finally being the brother the family was turning to for stability and direction.
I would bet real money that it was James’ idea to go grab Jesus and haul Him back home before He really made a fool of Himself or worse.
John chapter 7 records a very telling incident. Jesus was making some very serious enemies who, by that time, already wanted to kill Him.
From what we know of James. I am personally sure he was the main ringleader in that group, against Jesus.
He certainly was nowhere to be found when Jesus was dying on a Cross or being laid in a tomb.
But something truly amazing happened on Sunday morning… The thing we talked about last week and the thing that proves Jesus IS Savior and Lord… Death could NOT hold Him!
I Corinthians 15:7, specifically states that the Risen Lord Jesus Christ appeared personally to His earthy brother, James. That would have been some meeting – the long delayed intervention – but for James.
After Jesus Ascended into Heaven His followers assembled in an upper room in Jerusalem to await the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
Acts chapter 1, lists the eleven remaining Apostles and then says, “They all met together and were constantly united in prayer, along with Mary the mother of Jesus, several other women, and the brothers of Jesus.”
It took James a little while to get his feet under him, but in relatively short order, he became an Apostle and eventually the leader of the Jerusalem church.
While the other Apostles knew Jesus intimately for 3 years, James knew Him for 30.
It didn’t take long before he was directing things… in Acts chapter 12, Peter was miraculously released from prison and he tells the disciples to, “Go tell James.”
By Acts chapter 15, and the first Christian Council, James is clearly in charge.
James is the one who stood up after everyone else was finished and said, “Brothers listen to me” (Acts 15:13). He is the one who said, “And so my judgment is that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God” (NLT, Acts 15:19).
James led the churches in Jerusalem for almost 30 years until he was murdered by the Jewish leaders in 61 A.D.
After the Roman Governor Festus went back to Rome, but before the new Governor Albinus had arrived to take over, the High Priest Ananus took the opportunity to have James thrown off of the Temple pinnacle and his body beaten with clubs and stones for good measure.
The early church historian Hegesippus, writing in about 150 A.D. tells us that James was called, “Old camel knees,” because he spent so much time in prayer.
His most well-known moniker is “James the Just,” because he was seen as a man who was always impartial and fair to all.
He wrote this amazing letter we are privileged to study between 45 and 60 A.D., most likely in the late 40’s A.D., based on the content.
These are 3 early Greek manuscript fragments of James… As the Wednesday class learned last week, P stands for papyrus and the number is just the order in which the manuscripts of fragments are discovered.
P 20 is a copy that dates to 225 and is at the Princeton University Library. It contains James 2:19 through 3:9.
P23, also dates to 225. It is at the University of Illinois Museum and contains most of James 1:10-18.
P100 is dated to 275 and at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England and contains James 3:13-4:4, and 4:9-5:1.
Most of the letter is contained in these three fragments.
James 1:1 ~ James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad: Greetings.
Most people gloss over the opening so fast they often are not even conscious of what it said…
Well, not us…
The introduction is simple… there was no doubt in anyone’s mind back then who was sending the letter.
Unlike America today where people constantly thump their own drum and tell everyone how great they are – back then – especially for Christians – what we do today, would be appalling.
To talk about how wonderful, you are – how much, you have accomplished – how great, you will be in the future, was simply seen as arrogant braggadocio with no place at all, in Christianity.
It opens with, “James,” period.
He identifies himself, NOT as the Lord’s brother, Not as Apostle, Not as the Leader of the churches in Jerusalem… NOT even as, “THE Bond-servant,” BUT merely as, “A bond-servant.”
“A bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ.” If you’ve been around here very long, you probably know how much that term, “Bond-servant,” annoys me. It is δοῦλος (dü-lŏs), and it means “Slave.”
Richard Trench said, a δοῦλος, “Is one who is in a permanent relation of servitude to another, his will being altogether consumed in the will of the other.”
Slaves were considered property under Roman law and had no legal PERSONHOOD. Just like unborn babies today, slaves then, were not even recognized as human beings by the government.
Therefore, they could be beaten, sexually exploited, tortured and executed at the whim of their owner… and no one would blink an eye, let alone interfere.
An owner could do anything to, and require anything from, a slave.
Just like slavery in America 150 years ago, some owners were more compassionate than others, BUT no matter how caring, they were all willing owners of what was considered non-human property, no different than owning a dog or a horse.
I cannot overstate how horrific conditions were for all slaves. Even if your owner was generous and kind, he still held your life in his hands…
That is how all Christians, prominently including Paul, Peter, John, Jude and James thought of themselves… they all saw themselves 100% belonging to God and the Lord Jesus Christ… to be used in ANY way God saw fit.
So many of us today want God to use us, BUT we want to be used in a way that we approve. We want to be comfortable with how Jesus uses us. “We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone,” including God.
You say, “No Scott, you’re wrong – I want God to use me however He chooses.” Okay, what if God wants to use you as a missionary in Syria or Iraq right now? Oh, and don’t forget to bring your kids…
What if Jesus wants you to take in, house, feed and care for homeless people… NOT at the church or some other facility, BUT in your own home?
What if the Holy Spirit wants you to get up and preach a message, BUT to reach some particular person, He wants you to make a fool of yourself and suffer ridicule by the crowd. Yeah, you preach, BUT you fail spectacularly because that’s how He wants to use you.
What if God wants you to have cancer?
As a slave… my desire is irrelevant – it makes no difference at all, what I want anymore. I don’t own myself – the Lord does. It is not my will; it is God’s will.
Yes, Lord, “Here I am. Send me” (Isaiah 6:8).
Being like a slave is surrender.
To surrender to the Will of God like that, requires tremendous trust in Him, and faith in His plan…
There will be many times when it makes no sense – but you must believe, my friends, only believe…
Everything to do with Christianity comes down to a matter of faith… “What do you believe?” And then, “How much do you believe it?”
James is specifically surrendered to: The will of Almighty God, and to that of: His Lord.
Remember the way phrases are ordered has meaning. The actual order is, “James… God’s & the Lord Jesus Christ’s, slave.”
The emphasis is on God and Jesus, not James’ status.
Anyway, it a combined surrender equally to “God and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
The Lordship of Jesus, is stressed first, because James is talking about surrender as His slave – therefore lordship is the most important part…
When we call Jesus our Lord and Savior the Lord part actually means that He’s the Boss.
But James doesn’t just say, “Lord” – he is next specific that His Lord, is none other than his earthly brother, “Jesus.”
But wait, there’s more… that “Lord Jesus,” is the “Christ” – the Messiah – the Anointed One of God – Immanuel, God with us.
Any Jew back then could have called himself a slave of God – but to add, and also of the “Lord Jesus Christ,” would have been blasphemous in that context.
It was fine to be the slave of God and also the slave of Caesar for example, BUT not in the same context. Said this way it would have elevated Caesar to the level of God.
That is precisely what James has done.
Now he addresses his audience… “To the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad”
There’s basically two ways to take this
Jewish Christians dispersed or metaphorically for the eschatological church as yet un-gathered.
Either way, it is for Christians in various places, either originally Jewish or not, and so is an epistle of letter, that is catholic, as in universal, or circular, as in, meant to be circulated, or general, as in not specifically for one person or church.
If you’re a person who favors a more literal view James addressing Jewish Christians then the date for the letter must be in the mid 40’s A.D., If you go for the more metaphorical meaning, then it could be dated anytime from the later 40’s through the 50’s.
What’s the big deal… well there are Christians, like me, who believe that God is not finished with the Jews.
There are other Christians who believe in what is termed, “Replacement Theology.” It is the idea that God has rejected the unbelieving Jews forever and REPLACED them with Christians. The Twelve Tribes is now ONLY metaphorical and means the Christian Community.
I am convinced that James would have never had that thought, BUT I do believe he would have seen the Twelve Tribes as a description of God’s true people both Jewish Christians and “Grafted in” Gentile Christians (Romans 11:17ff).
“Greetings,” is “Grace to you…” God’s blessing and His peace in the form of salvation to you.
So we’ve had our introduction to the letter and we’ve refreshed our memory on some things and we’ve perhaps learned something new…
But for today, the biggest point is the notion of being a SLAVE of God and also of the Lord Jesus Christ.
It is about total surrender to His program and it requires a tremendous amount of faith that you cannot possibly conjure up in yourself…
It is the work of the Holy Spirit.
Pray every day for the power of God to make you stand for that day – one day at a time – to make you stand firm.032716 - The Resurrection
March 29, 2016 01:57 PM PDT
Easter Sunday sermon by Pastor Scott Keller
Today we celebrate the single-most glorious and important event in the history of the universe!
Putting the capstone on the Great Pyramid of Khufu in the Giza Necropolis…
It is all meaningless in comparison to what we are here to talk about today.
I’m not in any way exaggerating. This is no hyperbole or overinflated, grandiose embellishment to get your attention this morning. I am not only, not, overstating the matter – it is literally impossible to do so…
We simply do not have the words or the emotions to properly express the significance of what we commemorate today.
Those things I mentioned, are merely human achievements… The birth of our universe itself – the original Light out of darkness, the original creating of the heavens and the earth… the original breathing life into the first human… All the way down to the formation of the oceans and continents, the plants and the animals, the expanse of the Grand Canyon and majesty of our own Glacier Park. The beauty of the sunrise this morning… somewhere.
It all pales in comparison to the Resurrection.
Even the celebration of the Lord’s birth at Christmas and the somber remembrance of His death on Good Friday are pointless without the reality of what we celebrate today. Everything hinges on what today represents.
We’ve been talking a lot about PROOF over the last few weeks…
Just last week we talked about how God sending Jesus in actual reality was absolute, sure PROOF, that He loves us.
Before that, we talked about how moments or flashes of unconditional, altruistic, God-love, called Agapê, that manifest in a person was PROOF that that person was filled with the Holy Spirit.
Which is itself PROOF that that Christianity is true and that that individual is a saved child of God.
The Resurrection of Jesus is the most important PROOF of all.
It is the difference between what is Truth from Almighty God and what is just another man-made system of philosophical concepts, along with the requisite rules, rituals and inevitable traditions.
Many people think Christianity is just such a man-made system… BUT my friends, GET this… no one, who has any intelligence at all, can believe that unless they first disbelieve the Resurrection.
It is utterly impossible to rationally disbelieve Christianity, without first disbelieving the Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ some 2,000 years ago.
IF you believe in the Resurrection of Jesus and you are not an all-in, sold-out, on-fire, card-carrying Christian… you are at best… crazy… and I hope to show you why.
There is a war that has been raging the better part of 20 centuries… It is a war waged by evil to keep people from eternal life with God.
The war has many fronts, BUT none are more important than the fight to destroy the reality of the Resurrection.
It is done in a wide variety of ways. Sometimes subtle, sometimes fiercely overt, sometimes intentional, sometimes done in complete ignorance, BUT all to the same effect and ultimately all for the same purpose whether those involved realize it or not.
To understand the war and the objective evil pursues, one must fully understand the Truth on the opposite side that evil attacks.
As they say, you don’t teach Treasury Officers to spot counterfeit money by focusing on the fake stuff. What you do, is make them experts in what is real.
That’s the goal of this church – to do what we can, to make you experts, in what is real.
The Resurrection specifically and technically means… That Jesus, who while He was fully God, was also fully man, and so He truly died. His mortal, human, physical body was dead.
Clinically, legally, completely dead.
No breathing, no circulation, no brain activity, no life… stone cold dead, period, end of story.
I make a big deal out of that, because that is one way detractors try to dismiss the Resurrection. They say Jesus never fully died – He swooned. He was, “Only MOSTLY dead. There’s a big difference between mostly dead and all dead. Mostly dead is slightly alive.” They say…
Well, Jesus was “All dead,” and that is part of the reason He was three days in the tomb… To the people back then, after three days – after that amount of time, nothing could be done – there was no hope of a miracle after that. At that point the person was truly gone for good.
I know what you’re thinking… and yes, that’s why everyone had given up hope for Lazarus and why it was such an incredible miracle when Jesus raised him from the dead…
There was no way possible and yet, Jesus brought Lazarus back.
So, Jesus fully dead, and in the tomb, technically for three days.
Then on Sunday morning, Jesus was fully alive again. The full, bodily restoration to life, from the fully dead state. Now, for the final piece… drum roll please… Alive to never die again. Death was conquered by Jesus. Lazarus was raised by Jesus, BUT he died again… Lazarus didn’t personally have the power over death – Only God has that power.
Somewhere in that process – fully dead – then fully alive and never to die again – somewhere in there, disbelievers in Christianity MUST find a way to change that narrative.
They have a number of theories to dismiss, ignore, minimize, mitigate, malign and marginalize the Resurrection…
Some say he died and they stole His lifeless body, hid it somewhere and made up the stories about His return. Maybe they even hired an actor to play the Resurrected Jesus.
Some say an imposter was crucified, intentionally or perhaps by mistake, in Jesus’ place. There are many other propositions of course…
Too many of them to cover, and like I said earlier, there’s really no point. I just want to make sure we all understand the Biblical Truth because, once again, there is NOTHING in Christianity that is more important than this.
IF we don’t get this right – there’s really no value in getting everything else right… and it grieves me that all Christians don’t grasp that.
Jesus, the Word of God made flesh, suffered and died… He was not mostly, but fully dead.
His human body was devoid of any life for three days and then life fully returned to that same body and he rose from the dead to be fully alive, never to taste death again.
There is no corpse, no mummified remains, no bones, no ashes or dust of Jesus. The Bible says in, Acts 13:34&35, “God raised Jesus from the dead so that he will never be subject to decay…” “As it is written: ‘You will not permit your Holy One to experience decay.’”
The Apostle Peter preached to the people in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost, “With the help of lawless Gentiles, you nailed Jesus to a cross and killed him. But God released him from the horrors of death and raised him back to life, for death could not keep him in its grip… it was impossible for death to keep its hold on Jesus” (Acts 2:23&24 NLT).
That is the salient and significant point of today. Any idea that clouds those facts is utter heresy and makes Christianity just another false human religion.
There may be some philosophical value – there may be some moral good or some ethical standard that serves society, BUT without the Resurrection, Christianity is no better than Buddhism.
Actually, it would be far worse because it would make the founder either a pathological liar or a charismatic lunatic or, I’ll add, a foolish patsy for the agenda of others.
No matter how you slice it, the Bible that we base everything upon would be so full of made-up information it would be completely unusable.
No one could determine what was true and what was false… therefore anyone trying to follow the Bible would be a sad, ignorant, fool, only to be pitied.
You don’t have to take my word for it… The great Apostle Paul put it like this…
I Corinthians 15:14-19 ~ 14And if Christ has not been raised, then all our preaching is useless κενός, and your faith is useless κενός. 15And we apostles would all be lying about God—for we have said that God raised Christ from the grave. But that can’t be true if there is no resurrection of the dead. 16And if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised. 17And if Christ has not been raised, then your faith is useless μάταιος and you are still guilty of your sins. 18In that case, all who have died believing in Christ are lost! 19And if our hope in Christ is only for this life, we are more to be pitied ἐλεεινός than anyone in the world. (NLT).
Christian preaching and the faith in Christ that results are both “Useless,” absent the Resurrection, that’s according to the Bible. Absent the Resurrection Christians are just clowns.
The word is κενός (kĕ-nŏs), means empty, hollow, vacuous, fruitless, without use or purpose; it is vain, as in… in vain… preaching in vain – faith in vain.
Verse 17, says IF Jesus the Christ has NOT been Resurrected from the dead to never die again, the faith of any and all Christians, is absolutely “Useless.”
This “Useless,” is a different word. Here it is μάταιος (mä-tī-ŏs), similar in meaning, BUT with a greater focus on the outcome or result of empty faith.
As Gregory of Nyssa explained it nearly 17 centuries ago, “It is as, building houses on sand, chasing the wind, shooting at stars and pursuing one’s own shadow.” The “Shooting at stars” bit, would, of course, be with a bow and arrow, which somehow seems even dumber than with a gun, but not really.
It is aimlessness and futility… So, such a person is a fool to be “More… Pitied than anyone in the world.”
Pitied is ἐλεεινός (ĕ-lĕ-ā-nŏs), a person who should be pitied because they are pitiable, wretched, miserable. Such a complete sad sack you just walk by a shake your head.
I go through all of that to stress the futility of Christianity or any other religion, belief system or philosophy IF it is not objectively True.
Whatever such a system claims… it must be true OR it must be rejected as UN-true. Naturally, I, as I hope you know, believe with every fiber of MY being that Christianity is OBJECTIVELY True and therefore Jesus must have been LITERALLY Resurrected.
The point the Bible is making in I Corinthians chapter 15, is that Jesus was, in point of fact, raised from the dead once and for all and that gives the true and reasonable hope that we all will likewise be raised one day as the passage goes on…
SLIDE: I Corinthians 15:20-23 ~ 20But in fact, Christ has been raised from the dead. He is the first of a great harvest of all who have died. 21So you see, just as death came into the world through a man, now the resurrection from the dead has begun through another man. 22Just as everyone dies because we all belong to Adam, everyone who belongs to Christ will be given new life. 23But there is an order to this resurrection: Christ was raised as the first of the harvest; then all who belong to Christ will be raised when he comes back. (NLT).
How can we be so sure Paul was right? The Bible also tells us earlier in that chapter…
SLIDE: I Corinthians 15:3-8 ~ 3bChrist died for our sins, just as the Scriptures said. 4He was buried, and he was raised from the dead on the third day, just as the Scriptures said. 5He was seen by Peter and then by the Twelve. 6After that, he was seen by more than 500 of his followers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have died. 7Then he was seen by James and later by all the apostles. 8Last of all, as though I had been born at the wrong time, I also saw him. (NLT).
So, Jesus was bodily Resurrected and because of that fact we all have legitimate hope for life eternal with Him.
Why though? What makes it so critical to Christianity?
As a quick overview… there is something rather than nothing. Think about that for a moment. If you came to church thinking it was Easter and so the sermon would be generic, insipid and cutesy… You came to the wrong church… there’s no point in hearing a sermon that doesn’t require you to think… even if it is a holiday.
There is something rather than nothing. Some would say, that is true and so we don’t need to think about it, BUT that is intellectual cowardice.
The universe exists – there is something. Everything we understand about science screams that there should be nothing instead.
That is IF there is not a cause that is outside of the physical reality of our universe… a pure being outside of space-time of unimaginable intelligence and power.
A First Cause, as Plato called it, is responsible for creating our Heavens and our earth… more to the point this Creator God is responsible for creating you and me.
It would seem to me, that we would turn to our Creator and out of a sense of love and gratitude for our existence, and all the resources of a planet to flourish, we would say, “Thank you – I’m yours to command.” I’m certain that’s what the angels expected.
BUT, that is not at all how it went… the very first man and woman wasted no time at all in establishing their own independence and repudiated God’s plan and by extension repudiated God Himself.
Again, it would seem to me that, that would be the end of the story… BUT wait… there’s more!
This open refusal to truly honor God by loving Him and obeying Him is called sin.
People say, well sure, God’s wrong to require people to love Him and force people to obey His dictates.
Let’s examine that…
God isn’t asking us to unilaterally love Him… God is asking us to enter into the love He has for us! He is asking, as a parent asks, will you join me in genuine heart-felt relationship?
Jesus quoted the Old Testament when He was asked, “Which is the greatest or most important commandment in the Law?” He said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the great and foremost commandment” (Matthew 22:36-38).
The obedience thing… examine what it is that God commands.
The entirety of all the instructions, commands and requirements in the Bible boils down to Galatians 5:14, “For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’” Or, how about, Romans 13:9&10, “For this, ‘You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,’ and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.”
What a jerk God is for ordering us to love!
Ordering us to all get along with Him and with each other – what a crime!
And so we all refuse – that’s sin. God is looking out for our individual best interests and the best interests of all of us as a whole, BUT we aren’t having any of it.
Sin results in decay and ultimately death. God told Adam that in the Garden… Satan’s argument was that God was all talk – His bark was far worse than His bite. Satan said, “Surely, you won’t die!” Don’t be stupid – of course God’s not going to allow you to die.”
Romans 5:12, “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned.”
The entire universe was thrown into a state of decay ultimately and inexorably leading to death.
That could have been the end of the story and, for my money, it should have been.
BUT, “God loved the world so much (God loved you and me so much): He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life. God sent his Son into the world not to judge the world (as He surely could have, and some would argue, He surely should have), but (rather) to save the world through him. There is no judgment against anyone who believes in him. But anyone who does not believe in him has already been judged…” (John 3:16-18).
Jesus repeatedly claimed as much… He was constantly talking about being the One sent by the Father to eradicate the sin problem.
He was going to pay with His life in order to balance the ledger… in order to satisfy righteousness – Truth and propriety on the one hand and on the other… mercy, grace… love.
You see my friends, IF Jesus had died and NOT been resurrected it would mean that death had won and the only way death wins is when there is sin… the cause of death is sin.
The absolutely vital nature of holding firmly to the Resurrection is the Truth that since death could NOT hold Jesus it PROVES beyond doubt that He defeated sin.
The Bodily Resurrection PROVES in actual reality that Jesus was telling the Truth when He said, “I AM the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies” (John 11:25).
Jesus repeatedly said that He was the Anointed One of God sent to free people from sin and death. How can you free others from sin and death if you yourself can’t overcome sin and death yourself?
The Resurrection puts an end to the discussion – it terminates the debate – it utterly destroys the fear associated with mortality.
Because of what the Resurrection PROVES we can say along with the Holy Spirit… “O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?” For sin is the sting that results in death, and the law gives sin its power. 57But thank God! He gives us victory over sin and death through our Lord Jesus Christ” (I Corinthians 15:55-57).
I have always said that church unity – the unity of Christians is far more important than we think… Many people will be shocked when they stand in front of Jesus and have to explain why they didn’t take it more seriously.
Of course the problem with unity is that we all have different ideas and we are all just arrogant enough to think our ideas are better than everyone else’s ideas.
I said, the question we should ask ourselves before engaging in a fight is NOT, “Am I willing to die on this hill?” The question we should ask is, “Am I willing to destroy the unity of the church over this issue?”
In other words, there are some things worth fighting about and then there are the vast majority of things NOT worth fighting about.
Well, my friends, the full bodily Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ nearly 2,000 years ago that we celebrate today is an issue that is non-negotiable and is worth defending to the very end.
Unity without agreement on the Resurrection is NOT Christian unity at all.
The proof that God loves us is that He created us – then He let us rebel – then He sent Jesus to give us another chance.
The Proof Jesus was Who He said He was and that He accomplished what He said He would is the Resurrection.
The Proof that all of this is true and that you are actually saved and will have life eternal is the Spirit of God living in you.
The Proof of that reality is the amazing, non-native, unnatural Agapê love of God, being manifested through you.032016 - The Entrance
March 21, 2016 04:14 PM PDT
Palm Sunday message about the entrance of God in our world culminating with the entrance of Jesus in Jerusalem.
Over the last few weeks, we have talked about, “Who Jesus Is,” and found out that He is the Word of Almighty God, Himself, fully God, coequal with our Heavenly Father.
We then talked about the reason that, “He Had to be God,” in order to accomplish the Father’s plan… Only God can save us – “Salvation belongs to the Lord.”
Then for two weeks we discussed the sometimes overlooked, sometimes over emphasized and rarely understood Holy Spirit. His absolutely vital role enabling that amazing plan of salvation to be accepted by people and therefore become effective in actual human lives.
We recognized that the Holy Spirit Breath of God is, Himself also, fully God and coequal with the Father and the Son.
It is the Trinity, and each One, within the triune Creator Godhead, is as vital to our existence, our salvation and our eternity as the others.
Ultimately, the purpose of all of their activity is relationship with you and with me – as crazy as that sounds… Ultimately, everything was instituted, accomplished and enabled for the goal that we would become people who love perfectly, just as God loves perfectly.
There are reasons that it all had to proceed precisely the way that it did… And be exactly the way that it presently is… And that it will go inexorably the way that it must… We could talk about those reasons for the remainder of our lives, and I hope to do just that…
Because, it is so amazing, there are so many fascinating concepts and connections, BUT the one I want us to think about today is that God… Through the desire and plan and command of the Father, through the life and death and resurrection of Jesus, through the inspiration and illumination and revelation of the Holy Spirit… God Proved His PERFECT love for us… in actual reality.
It is NOT theoretical – it is not just a hypothetical thought experiment or a conjectural supposition. The Father actually sent Jesus. Jesus existentially came to us. The Holy Spirit genuinely reveals that Truth to human beings.
It actually happened… we can point to it on a calendar… we can visit the geographical locations… we can read the ancient accounts… we can touch the archeological artifacts of the time… There are people sitting near you at this instant who have walked precisely where He walked.
The physical life of Jesus is historically undeniable. NO academic expert denies that – the actual life of Jesus of Nazareth is NOT disputed – as I say, at least not by any serious scholar, anyone with any intelligence, knowledge and education in a related field.
Jesus entered our world and IF we will allow it – He will enter our lives.
It may seem strange to talk about His birth when this coming Friday we will remember His death… BUT today is about “The Entrance,” and while specifically today we are acknowledging, “Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem,” we must start at the Beginning…
Quite literally, we start at the Beginning.
As we all know, Genesis 1:1 states, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”
I don’t know how many people like hearing phrases in the original language, But I know at least a few of you are in that boat… This is how it has been told for over 4,000 years and how it has been written in the Bible for over 3,500 years… This is how Abraham would have said it to his son Isaac… בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃
Literally, it means that in the non-time before our universe existed, before there was any space – time – energy – matter… By fiat – ex nihilo – out of nothing that previously existed, GOD created everything… the heavens and the earth.
The Bible goes on to immediately say, and “The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light.”
The Spirit was hovering, God was speaking, His Word was activating new creation in physical reality.
So, with His Spirit, God spoke His Word and in this particular case… Light had no choice, but to be… Light had no choice, but to shine forth in the darkness.
God then continued to create through speaking all of it into existence by the power of His Holy Word…
That Holy Word took on human flesh and dwelt among us as a man named Jesus… the Bible says of Him… “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him. He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.” (Colossians 1:15-17).
And why would the Holy Word come to earth? That very passage, in Colossians chapter one, goes on to explain… “He is also head of 1the body, the church; and He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself will come to have first place in everything. For it was the Father’s good pleasure for 2all the fullness to dwell in Him, and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven. And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds, yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach” (Colossians 1:18-22).
And what, pray tell, must we do to benefit in such a way? What must we do to be reconciled to God – made right with Him? Well, we don’t have to wonder because the very next verse spills the beans about that also, you will be reconciled to God, declared holy and blameless and beyond reproach… “If indeed you continue in the faith firmly established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven” (Colossians 1:23).
Let’s take a moment with all of that and recognize just a couple of other important points in the Colossians passage…
I hear people all the time whining that while they love God, they hate church, while they self-identify as Christians they can’t stand to be around Christians… Untold numbers of people, over the years, have told me, “I accept Jesus, I just reject church – my church is the great outdoors… spending time with God alone.”
Jesus – the same Jesus who was born in a barn and who died on a cross – that Jesus, IS the “Head of the Body, which is the Church.”
A person may disparage the church, which is the Bride and Body of Jesus Christ, made up of His individual followers. They may hate the church, which is the chosen instrument of God and is Jesus on earth now… BUT Jesus loved His church… He loved His church so much that He died for her.
Of course it is far more enjoyable to stand on a spectacular vista and praise God… it’s enjoyable because it’s easy… any moron with absolutely no Christian maturity at all can stand by themselves looking at a beautiful scene and worship. Who needs the Holy Spirit for that?
Here’s what’s far more difficult. Get to church regularly, get involved personally, work shoulder-to-shoulder with turkeys like me, and then praise and worship God… you may very well find that impossible, that is… without the Holy Spirit to help.
It takes no character at all to worship in the first case, BUT it often takes immense character to do the latter… and that’s the point – it requires God to build Christian character in us. He gets the credit for church unity.
Do not make the mistake that Moses made. I could easily argue that, if Moses wasn’t the greatest Old Testament hero, he was certainly in the top three… God trusted Moses to lead his people out of Egyptian slavery. Exodus 33:11, states, “The Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend.”
We know being humble is key to serving God and according to Numbers 12:3, “Moses was very humble, more than any man who was on the face of the earth.”
Moses was on his mission, leading the Israelites into the Promised Land flowing with milk and honey… life was good!
Read Numbers chapter 20, very carefully and you will see that Moses became exasperated with the people… They were thirsty, there was no water, and so they rebelled against Moses… condemning his leadership ability and his personal motives.
What Moses forgot, was that those stiff-necked, contentious, irritating, complaining, rebellious, insane people were… GOD’s people.
Moses in Numbers 20:10, “Said to them, ‘Listen now, you rebels; shall we bring forth water for you out of this rock?’”
In what I believe was a fit of frustration and anger Moses wacked the rock twice and while God made water flow from it abundantly, God was displeased with the disrespectful show that Moses put on.
In verse 12, God said to Moses, “Because you did not treat Me as holy in the sight of the sons of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.”
Moses never set foot in the Promised Land because he forgot that the people, were God’s people.
My friends, never, ever, forget… as difficult as Christians can be at times… never forget they are sons and daughters of the living God. They constitute the Bride for Christ and believe it or not, they are filled with the Holy Spirit…
Please do not hate, disparage or dismiss the church because I promise you, God will defend His people. Do not bring judgment upon yourself, by judging the church.
The other point I’d like to make concerning the Colossians passage is that, “It was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him.”
Romans chapter one tells us that no person has any excuse at all for not seeking God – there is absolutely no ignorance defense at the Judgment Seat… “I didn’t know” will never work to mitigate anyone’s guilt.
Why? Because, “Since the creation of the world God’s invisible attributes, His eternal power and His divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made.”
Through the stars and the earth, through science and the arts, through emotion and the intricately complex dance of life… it is all around us, the miracle of existence itself, and because of “That God says, they are without excuse” (Romans 1:20).
As Thomas Schreiner put it, “God has stitched into the fabric of the human mind his existence and power, so that they are instinctively recognized when one views the created world.” Therefore, “The rejection of God is concurrent with the knowledge of him.”
That’s why there is no excuse or possible defense… It is God’s divine nature we can comprehend from the world around us, that’s θειότης (thā-ŏ-tās).
The fullness of divinity, the fullness of deity, has been manifested in our experience and the ultimate demonstration was in Christ Jesus our Lord. Colossians 2:9, “For in Jesus all the fullness of Deity, θεότης, dwells in bodily form.”
It is not merely that God has put a deposit of Himself in Jesus, not merely that Jesus possessed the divine nature… in other words it is not merely that Jesus was LIKE God… Jesus IS God.
Hebrews 1:3 tells us that Jesus “Is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature.”
I’ve mentioned it before, BUT I just love that the radiance of God’s glory… is His ἀπαύγασμα (äp-ʌʊ-gäs-mä), it is God’s EFFULGENCE… As Theodoret said 16 centuries ago, “The effulgence is both from the fire and with the fire, and has the fire as its cause, yet is not divided from the fire; for whence comes the fire, thence also comes the effulgence.”
The effulgence is everything we see and feel coming from the sun… it is inseparable from it and it is the very thing that makes the sun known to us. It is the manifestation of the sun we experience.
And God’s effulgence came to us… John 3:13, “No one has ascended into heaven, except He who descended from heaven: the Son of Man.” Verse 18, “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”
Genesis 2:7, “Then the Lord God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.”
I find it fascinating that God breathed into the man His Breath – the Holy Spirit breath of life – breathed into him in intimate gentleness and that, as a result, the man became a living soul.
What’s even more incredible is that Jesus did precisely the same thing to His disciples… John 20:22, “Jesus breathed on them and said to them, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit.’”
God entered our world by creating it and then creating us… as we have seen over the last month, God entered our world repeatedly as recorded in the Old Testament.
And as alluded to all day long, God entered our world through the Incarnation… Jesus was conceived of the Holy Spirit and was born of the Virgin Mary (Matthew 1:20ff, etc.).
Jesus grew and at the proper time He began His personal ministry by first being baptized in order “To fulfill all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15, etc.).
His ministry progressed for three years according to tradition and our best understanding of the Scripture… again, the Bible was not written as an historical narrative filling in all the details, BUT rather as a relation-building book of historically true and accurate accounts to move the theological points along.
When Jesus was performing His most exciting, jaw dropping miracles… especially those where people were getting a free lunch by the sea… His popularity and crowd appeal was epic.
People love to flock to the best show in town especially if there are free door prizes.
Then Jesus began to preach the Truth bluntly and openly…
One of the saddest verses in the entire Bible is John 6, 6, 6… “As a result of this many of His disciples withdrew and were not walking with Him anymore.”
You want a crowd? Put on a production. You want to find out who is serious about God? Plainly preach the Truth bluntly and openly.
In spite of the fierce opposition from the religious leaders, the rejection from the majority of the people, the betrayal of so many disciples and the dullness, dumbness and grumbling of the Apostles… Jesus stayed the course.
He knew full well what was waiting for Him if He went to Jerusalem… Yet Luke 9:51 records that, “Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem.” I like that rendering in the NET. I kind of like the ESV, even better, because it just follows the original Semitic idiom, colloquialism or way of saying, “He set his face to go to Jerusalem.”
Jesus was about to enter our world again… the time had come.
So, the Jews of that time were eagerly looking forward to God’s Anointed One… God’s Messiah who would DELIVER the people out of bondage to the Romans and to any other nation or empire that might oppress them… such as the Parthians to the East.
This Messiah would also DELIVER the Jews from their human frailty and failings – He would also enable them to truly love and obey God.
People being people, I imagine the first part was more interesting than the second.
The general consensus was that Messiah would enter Jerusalem during Passover.
So, almost 2,000 years ago, there was a tumultuous scene of great rejoicing by emotionally exuberant masses, openly, publicly, proclaiming Jesus to be the long awaited Savior.
The story is told in detail in all four Gospels… Jesus spent Saturday night in Bethany less than a mile and a half from Jerusalem.
They got a slow start the next morning… Sunday morning… The day was well underway when Jesus and a throng of Apostles, disciples, and other interested parties arrived at the top of the Mount of Olives looking across at the Holy City of David.
Jesus mounted a donkey colt to fulfill the prophecy in Zechariah 9:9, “Rejoice, O people of Zion! Shout in triumph, O people of Jerusalem! Look, your king is coming to you. He is righteous and victorious, yet he is humble, riding on a donkey— riding on a donkey’s colt.”
The people with Him and then all the pilgrims along the way – the whole vast crowd rejoiced shouting Save us, we pray, O LORD –
For the very first time in His earthly ministry Jesus allowed them to enthusiastically announce Him as Messiah… For the first time Jesus wasn’t quashing the party, He wasn’t putting a stop to it and His followers could not contain their elation.
Everyone, His Apostles, His Disciples, little children, desperate people, intrigued visitors and all those who were, up till then, undecided… stridently, dramatically, heartily, declared Him as the Anointed One of God…
The Warrior-King-Priest come to set all things right! Everyone was free to shout and sing and dance for joy… People were free to pray and praise and worship God for sending them their SALVATION.
Everyone present that day knew the implication… God had finally decided to SAVE His children from the poverty, injustice, oppression and religious ineffectualness of their lives.
In a new and different way God was going to live among His people…
They were right about the general idea, but they were very wrong on all the details and that is why it took only a few days, for the crowd to go from, “Hosanna in the Highest,” to, “Crucify Him.” Matthew 21:9&15, Mark 11:9&10, John 12:13 and then Mark 15:13&14
It only took half a week for His hand chosen Apostles to go from, “Make way for the Holy One,” to, “I tell you the truth, I never knew Him.” Mark 11:6, Luke 19:34 and then Matthew 26:69-75
Jesus did change everything, and in a far more important way than the Jews back then were looking for… but it wasn’t in the way they expected… You don’t want to be around when people realize you are thwarting their expectation.
Immediately after that John 666 verse, the Bible tells us that Jesus turned to His closest friends and asked them, “You do not want to go away also, do you?” (John 6:67).
God Entered our world in the most dramatic way possible… Jesus was the long-awaited and sadly unrecognized Messiah.
Because of God’s gracious plan you and I, along with any other person on the planet have an opportunity to say what the Apostle Peter said to Jesus’ question, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life. We have believed and have come to know that You are the Holy One of God” (John 6:68&69).031316 - The Breath of God 2
March 15, 2016 10:43 AM PDT
So, this is the fourth sermon in a five-part series preparing for Resurrection Sunday (Easter) and the second concerning the role of the Holy Spirit.
March 08, 2016 01:49 PM PST
This is the middle sermon in a five-sermon series leading up to Resurrection Sunday. The first was about Who Jesus is, the second was about, why He had to be God, and this is the first, of two sermons, concerning the Holy Spirit.012416 - I Timothy 6d - Stand Firm
January 30, 2016 06:36 AM PST
I Timothy 6:11&12, Pastor Scott Keller
Last week we saw that there are people within the Christian community who intentionally, unwittingly or most often, carelessly, harm the church.
It is always false teaching, but sometimes it is overtly false and sometimes it is just an argumentative character that pushes ideas too far…
Either way the church is corrupted and so God’s name is disrespected and the Gospel is maligned.
The overtly false is much easier to combat… most people recognize a serious deviation.
What is more damaging, is the stuff that is subtle.
I could go on, BUT we can already see, it is difficult to keep the Gospel pure. It requires knowing the difference and caring enough to stand firm for the Truth.
That’s where it becomes tricky… no two people completely agree on every detail. IF I think highly enough of myself and my opinion I will voice it even though it causes tension, friction, arguing, fighting, dividing, hating and even killing.
When we as Christians dispute and debate over important, BUT ultimately non-salvific issues, we are actually preaching a false Gospel of DIVISIVENESS.
The key to NOT being a disrupter and destroyer of God’s Holy church is to follow the command given to Timothy in our verses for today…
I TIMOTHY 6:11&12 ~ 11But flee from these things, you man of God, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance and gentleness. 12Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
We start with the contrasting conjunction, “But.” It is striking to me how frequently the Bible uses those contrasting words and phrases…
In the preceding section, Paul talked about what was false, evil and destructive… then he says, “But.” In other words, they are like this… But, rather, instead… you be the opposite.
Then the actual substance of what he says is juxtaposed… “FLEE” these things… But, rather, instead… “PURSUE” these opposite things.
Fleeing is used as the foil or opposite to pursuing… It is metaphorical. I think that should make it obvious that to flee from evil doesn’t actually mean to physically run away in the face of evil… the idea is to SHUN, NOT RUN.
God is NOT asking Timothy to be a coward. As we will see, Timothy is supposed to stay and fight. What God, through Paul, is commanding Timothy to do is to run away from, “These things,” as fast and as far as he possibly can in his personal conduct and life.
The things must be repudiated… they must be despised… they must be disavowed at all costs… FLEE! “Flee from these things.”
Flee in your own conduct and practice, BUT do so by standing in the midst of it all and “Fighting the good fight of faith.”
I don’t want to wear you out on this, BUT I want to make it clear… The charge is to shun evil and stand for good personally. He was NOT commanded to force others to shun evil… he was commanded to keep himself pure, be a good example, preach and teach the Truth, BUT nowhere was he ordered to make others comply.
I think that’s where so many Christians go wrong… I believe I am supposed to do things this particular way and therefore it is incumbent on me to make everyone else do the same.
You, Christian person, shun evil in your life and stand for the Gospel, teaching Truth when and where there is opportunity, BUT let others freely choose their own path.
Well let’s dig in. The charge is a command specifically to Timothy… all the way through the end of the letter Timothy is personally addressed.
It brings up an important principle of Biblical interpretation. We cannot automatically assume that every idea, comment, description, suggestion or command applies to us.
These verses here were specifically written to Timothy in Ephesus nearly 2,000 years ago and so before assuming they apply equally to you and me in Montana, today… I need to carefully investigate.
With everything in the Bible, there will always be some applicability to you and me, or it wouldn’t be in the Bible. BUT it may simply be background information to better understand something else.
An example, Genesis 6:13&14, “Then God said to Noah, ‘The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood…”
God is NOT telling us today to physically build an ark out of gopher wood.
This command to Noah does have applicability for us today, BUT NOT in the literal sense of building a big boat.
We need to be careful about how we apply God’s Word to our lives… Fortunately, in this case, while the command is to Timothy, it is to him as a Christian leader.
All Christian leaders are to lead by example and so that means we are to be like our leader in so far as he is like Christ, who in turn, is precisely like the Father.
What that means is that in our section today there is applicability to Christian leaders and so to every Christian person.
What should Timothy and all other Christians “Flee from”?
Corrupting of the Gospel… adding to, subtracting from, twisting and warping, BUT also emphasizing and deemphasizing.
I feel like in the Evangelical community – we would fit within that community – the primary corruption as I alluded to earlier, comes not so much in overt false teaching as in the emphasizing and deemphasizing of Biblical principles.
One person feels strongly about “A,” but is unconcerned about “B.” Another person is just the opposite and the friction between them escalates.
“Flee from” that… Have nothing to do with tension, friction, arguing, fighting, dividing, hating and killing.
As I said last week, “Divisiveness occurs when we think highly enough of ourselves and our opinions… that we argue, dispute, and debate with others.”
So, what are we to do Instead of that? We are to actively PURSUE…
We don’t need to guess at what we are to pursue. On the one hand, FLEE this and on the other hand PURSUE that… it is the opposite of what we’ve been talking about for three Sundays in a row…
To make it all even easier though, we are immediately given a list of 6 qualities that accompany a “Man, or woman, of God.”
The list, like all of the lists in the Bible, is a sampling in order to give the gist, the flavor or the essence.
The positive lists like this one called “Virtue Lists” can be dissected for better understanding, BUT are to be combined together to give an overall sense of what God wants in his people.
In other words, it is NOT okay to pursue godliness and ignore gentleness… or vice versa.
Contrary to legalism, no two Virtue Lists are identical.
“Righteousness” is δικαιοσύνη (dē-kī-ŏ-sü-nā), means the acceptable standard. You say you are a Christian, well the acceptable standard is…
What is the acceptable standard for Christians?
Absolute, complete, PERFECTION.
When we understand it that way, doesn’t it seem a little foolish to compare yourself with others?
I mean, some would take that to mean a legalistic holiness that is so narrow in its focus that it would inevitably exclude almost everyone else.
When the end result is mentioned to such people they retort, “The way is narrow that leads to life, and there are few who find it” (Matthew 7:14).
Right, BUT I’m pretty sure it isn’t our job to make it even more difficult.
That is precisely what Jesus condemned the Scribes and Pharisees for doing… “Woe to you…” For you weigh men down with burdens hard to bear, while you yourselves will not even touch the burdens with one of your fingers” (Luke 11:46).
“I must work myself as hard as possible to get everything right and I must SHUN everyone who gets in my way…”
Does that make you perfect?
I hope everyone fully understands that Christians are absolutely, completely, perfect IN Christ Jesus and IN Him alone… there is no other way.
Righteousness, then is standing, living, breathing, having our being, IN Christ.
It comes down to an integrity of being… A genuineness of fundamental reality… I accept Jesus…
I accept the Holy Spirit into myself to have free reign to change whatever needs to be changed.
I accept my adoption by the Father and the Lordship of Jesus in my life…
I accept RIGHT RELATIONSHIP with Almighty God.
I hope you can see that righteousness is ultimately right relationship with God because I meet the standard… I meet the standard when I am honestly connected to Him through Jesus…
As Paul said in Philippians 3:9 it’s NOT about, “Having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law (PERFORMING), but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith.”
Notice that nowhere in that process is it about me messing with other people… I work out my “Salvation with fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12) and allow you room to do the same.
That’s how “Righteousness” can be inclusive rather than exclusive.
The Righteousness the Christian must pursue is the conformity to the Spirit of God that is supposed to animate us… supposed to mold us into Christlikeness so that we reflect the Father to the world.
“Godliness” is εὐσέβεια (ü-sĕ-bā-ä), is a genuine worshipper… A person who truly, from the heart worships God.
They are Godly, in the sense that they are focused on and preoccupied with God.
We would say it is a person dedicated to God in real love and devotion to Him.
It isn’t the doing of certain things and the abstaining from others in order to be Godly… It is being so concerned about what God wants and about being in right relationship with Him that one, does or abstains.
“Faith” is πίστις (pēs-tēs) meaning faith, faithfulness, reliability, proof or assurance. I sometimes mention hapax legomena, words occurring only once in the Bible… well πίστις and its related family, occur well over 500 times in the New Testament alone.
In this context it means, TRUST.
It is the Christian’s TRUST in God. In this case, it isn’t our faithfulness to God or as Christians… it is our unwavering trust in His faithfulness to us.
Faithfulness in providing here and now, BUT far more importantly, faithfulness in saving us eternally.
How can I be so certain that I will spend eternity in Heaven? Because I Trust in Him… I have FAITH.
“Love” is ἀγάπη (ä-gä-pā), meaning an intellectual choice to accept, select, choose, elect, honor… love.
Four Greek word families occur in the Bible that we translate as “Love,” each with its own nuance of meaning.
ἀγάπη is NOT a love based upon feelings, duty or honor, it is NOT based on the lovability or performance of the loved, it is NOT based upon family or cultural connections.
ἀγάπη a love based upon the decision of the lover to love the loved.
When you see your future spouse for the first time at the wedding ceremony… He’s standing next to the pastor or she’s walking down the aisle… I, hopefully, don’t have to tell you to PURSUE love. You feel it well up inside.
When you see your newborn baby for the first time… once again I don’t need to tell you to pursue love… you just do.
ἀγάπη, on the other hand, is a love that must be chosen and actively PURSUED.
“Perseverance” is ὑπομονή (hü-pŏ-mŏ-nā), literally meaning to remain under. The soldiers facing the onslaught of the enemy, remain together in tight formation, under tremendous pressure to run for their lives.
It is sometimes translated as “Patience,” but there is nothing at all passive about ὑπομονή. It isn’t simply waiting; it is the active choice to remain steadfast against all odds…
It is the dynamic and vigorous resistance to hostile aggression.
“Gentleness” is πραϋπαθία (pȑä-ü-pä-thē-ä) sounds like I’m lisping doesn’t it… Ethel Thayer.
Unlike faith and love this is a hapax legomenon only occurring here, πραϋπαθία, is an unusual formation of two other common words πραΰτης (pȑä-ü-tās), meaning a gentleness born out of humbleness, along with, πάσχω (päs-kʰō), meaning to suffer.
This combined word means to humbly suffer a loss of pride, status, being right… in order to be gentle…
It is the opposite of demanding your own way, insisting on making your point and contending with others to prove you are right or better or more important.
It is a humble gentleness willing to suffer loss that is born out of desiring the greater good. A willingness to lose the battle in order to win the war.
Have you ever been in a large group… maybe family and friends at Thanksgiving, maybe over at the in-law’s house for Christmas, maybe a church social, a wedding or even a funeral… and overlooked a rude comment so as not to ruin the event?
What’s more important than God’s Church?
Let’s understand all these things and others like them as the normative way a Christian behaves…
Let us PURSUE these things… it is like Paul said in Philippians 4:8&9, “Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things. The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.”
Don’t ask, “Is this a hill I am willing to die on?” Instead ask, “Is this something I’m willing to destroy unity over?”
“Fight the good fight,” is a very popular verse because it is so easy to completely misconstrue and then then misapply.
What it is really all about is suffering for the Gospel.
The word fight is the verb ἀγωνίζομαι (ä-gō-nē-dzŏ-mī), followed by the noun ἀγών (ä-gōn), it is to labor or strive in training and performing as an athlete or as a warrior….
IF you know anything at all about either endeavor, it is all about suffering. It is all about taking the pain in order to achieve something.
Imagine the amount of pain Hans and Atticus have suffered to be Marines or the amount of suffering the professional athletes playing in today’s Championship football games have endured to have a shot at the Super Bowl.
The fight is to endure pain and suffering for a purpose. In this case, the purpose is the “Good fight of Faith.”
It is a present imperative letting us know that the struggle – the striving, the suffering is continuous… until the day you meet Jesus face-to-face there will be pain… that is, IF you are a Christian.
The fight is to protect the Gospel from false teaching and also from using it as a source for endless debate.
It is the suffering endured just for identifying with Christ.
It is the struggle encountered when preaching the Gospel.
More than everything, it is the overall suffering that takes place as we minimize ourselves and our desires, in order to ensure God’s Will is done and that His name is glorified.
The point is, that IF you are a Christian, it should be obvious. Christians are supposed to unabashedly, unashamedly, unambiguously be Christians. We are to always share the Truth… with and without words.
IF you act like a Christian and IF you share the Truth… you are going to suffer as a result… and that’s inevitable… that’s normal… that’s okay …
Why? because that’s what Jesus did… that’s the way it goes… Jesus and His true followers love people so much they are willing to show it by suffering.
Jesus told us in Mark 13:13, “You will be hated by all because of My name, but the one who endures to the end, he will be saved.”
As a minister of the Gospel… which again, every Christian is called by God to be… you will suffer… at least IF you do it right.
How crazy? Any reasonable person might expect that you will suffer IF you FAIL to do it correctly, and that by doing it right… you WON’T suffer…
Ah, NOT so in God’s upside down economy. Of course we know it is really our human economy that is upside down. In God’s economy, IF you minister the way He wants you to minister you will have to suffer.
We’re not talking about the suffering that is common to all man… we are talking about suffering for the Gospel and what that means is that there will be opposition and we must bear up and stand firm.
What is sad is that the majority of the opposition comes from Christians.
If we can stay the course, we can, “Take hold of the eternal life to which we were called.” It is depicted here as a done deal from God’s perspective… He is the one Who called us… we must simply possess it by finishing.
Timothy “Made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.” Specifically, this hearkens back to his ordination as an Overseer and so carries the nuance of Christian leadership, BUT the overall sense is the same for people who have “Made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses,” as Christians usually at Baptism.
We make a public confession that Jesus Christ is our only Lord and only Savior and that confession remains public for the remainder of our lives.
Doing so allows us to enter into eternal life.
Because doing so will bring a struggle that must be endured for the sake of Christ thereby proving we are His.
What’s interesting to me is that Hebrews verse has a Greek word that is left untranslated because it makes the English too clumsy… the untranslated word is translated in our verses today as “Fight.”011716 - I Timothy 6c - Divisiveness
January 28, 2016 09:38 AM PST
I Timothy 6:3-10, Pastor Scott Keller
Last week we saw that as Christians, we are already accepted, loved, and appreciated as much as we ever will be, accepted, loved and appreciated. You cannot make God love you more than He does.
Therefore, from that understanding – that place of trust in God’s salvation and assurance of His love, we can flip the HUMAN paradigm.
Instead of doing things in order to be accepted, loved and appreciated by God and by other people… We could do things for God and other people because we love them.
We do, because we LOVE, rather than in order to be loved, it is a selfless, self-sacrificing love, solely to benefit another… it is a God love called true Agapê.
It is possible because the Author of All Things already loves us… and has already provided the greatest reward possible and has already filled us with His supernatural love…
So, when we act that out, it is proof that we are Christians who are filled with God’s Holy Spirit.
I TIMOTHY 6:3-5 ~ 3If anyone advocates a different doctrine and does not agree with sound words, those of our Lord Jesus Christ, and with the doctrine conforming to godliness, 4he is conceited and understands nothing; but he has a morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words, out of which arise envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions, 5and constant friction between men of depraved mind and deprived of the truth, who suppose that godliness is a means of gain.
In verses 3 through 5, we see that one of the things that accompanies false Christianity is divisiveness. “God is not a God of disorder, confusion, disharmony… He is a God of order and peace” (I Corinthians 14:33, James 3:16&17).
Divisiveness occurs when we think highly enough of ourselves and our opinions… that we argue, dispute, and debate with others.
Some people love it, BUT it causes tension and according to God it is actually a love of self… always trying to show others where they’re wrong and you’re right…
It is the grown up version of “My dogs better than your dog… I am better than you.” It is literally a “Know it all” attitude and according to God, it has no place in HIS church.
Verse 3 begins, “If anyone,” and it means anyone, so everyone in that boat. Just because an idea is popular, it doesn’t make it true…
IF everyone on the planet disagrees with God then everyone on the planet is absolutely wrong, as it says in Romans 3:4, “Let God be found true, though every man be found a liar.”
Our word is better translated in the NASB than any other version I looked at, because while the concept of teaching is central to the word, it is a teaching with force, and so “Advocates,” is better than teaches… “Advocates a different doctrine.”
The word, ἑτεροδιδασκαλέω, is used only twice in the entire Bible. Once here and once at the beginning of this letter in chapter 1, verse 3, tying this point back to that point.
In chapter 1, it is “Teach strange doctrines,” and in chapter 6, it is “Advocates a different doctrine.” That’s a translator’s choice based on context, but the underlying word is the same in both places.
There are other reasons that this thought ties directly back to chapter one, like the reuse of the word ὑγιαίνω (hü-gē-ī-nō), translated as, “Sound,” as in “Sound words” in chapter 6, verse 3, and as in, “Sound teaching” in chapter 1, verse 10.
I won’t bore you with more, but since I brought up ὑγιαίνω, let me just say that it actually means “Healthy,” and it gives us our word, “Hygiene.”
My point is that to really understand these verses in chapter 6, we must understand the section in chapter 1. It starts there, with Paul “Urging” Timothy to, “Instruct certain men not to…” ἑτεροδιδασκαλέω, not to teach, or better yet, not to “advocate strange doctrines.”
It ends with, what “Is contrary to SOUND or HEALTHY teaching…” ὑγιαίνω.
What comes in-between… is the double-edged sword, that we talked about, last week.
On the one side, we don’t want to any distortion of the Gospel… because, by very definition, once it is changed, it ceases to be the Gospel at all and therefore anything derived from it can only become a false Christianity… well we can’t have that…
But, just as importantly though, on the other side, we don’t want argumentative, divisive, Holier-than-thou types to destroy the unity of the Body that was built on the TRUE Gospel… Otherwise there is no functional church… the TRUE Gospel has no power.
In the first case, Christianity is false… in the second case… Christianity is false…
A community that has a false doctrine is no different than a community that denies the true doctrine by their actions. It is ALL about God and His Message… His power manifested in His church.
Jesus could not possibly have been clearer in His requirement that true belief must be borne out by true behavior… true family of God unity, “Love one another” He said repeatedly… (John 13:34&35, 15:12ff, Romans 12:10, 13:8, Galatians 5:13, Ephesians 4:2, I Thessalonians 3:12, 4:9, II Thessalonians 1:3, Hebrews 10:24, I Peter 1:22, 4:8, I John 3:11, 3:23, 4:7, 4:11&12, II John 5, etc.).
It could be said that the COMMAND to “Love one another,” is the single most important mandate in Christianity…
It is the most important thing of all the things.
What? What about loving God, what about accepting Jesus?
I said it COULD be said, because the Bible DID say it… Romans 13:8-10 tells us that “Love for others is the fulfillment of the Law.” The infilling of the Holy Spirit is the necessary prerequisite to truly love one another… Love for one another is therefore proof that you love God and have accepted Jesus.
The Bible says, love IS “The perfect bond of unity” (Colossians 3:14). Jesus prayed to the Father in John 17:22&23, “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one; I in them and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, so that the world may know that You sent Me, and loved them, even as You have loved Me.”
Again, I’m NOT talking about a behavior to get something for yourself, BUT a behavior because of something you’ve already received.
A saved Christian is a beloved child of God who is filled with His Holy Spirit… SINCE, that is true, there must be evidence of that reality.
Recognize WHO you are IN Christ and then BE that person.
It is vital that we get along with each other because God’s reputation and the validity of His Gospel Message are at stake.
Who, in their right mind, would believe the Gospel IF they see no power in it? That is the biggest hindrance to people accepting Jesus… Because of the way Christians behave, non-Christians see no power in it.
If those who have accepted and now proclaim the Gospel are just as messed up as were to start, why in the world would anyone want to sign up for that?
IF the transformative power of God’s Holy Spirit only puts a hypocritical varnish on the same old sinner it would be no different than any self-help program devised by humans.
The power of the Gospel Message is the actual transformation of human lives… it enables a whole new status inside, that must become evident outside.
There is a corruption of Christianity that has come from emphasizing the idea that Christians are merely forgiven sinners…
While it is true, the danger in emphasizing it, is that some folks will be satisfied with being no different than they were, no different than anyone else… “Denying the power” of the Cross of Christ in this reality… Christianity becomes ONLY about the afterlife.
Christianity at its very core is about a RADICAL transformation… Jesus said a person must be “Born again.” Elsewhere the Bible talks in terms of the old self being dead and buried, while a Christian is a new creation.
Since you cannot have a person completely transformed spiritually without any evidence of that fact physically… it is, as Paul states in his second letter to Timothy, “Having the appearance of godliness, but denying its power” (II Timothy 3:5).
A popular verse… some have interpreted “Power,” as correct doctrine and others as supernatural Charismatic gifts. The actual meaning incorporates elements of both of those things, but the true “Power” that is denied, is the transformative power of the Holy Spirit changing human lives.
It is to claim Christianity, BUT refuse to change… there is no power in that and since the Holy Spirit is power… there is no true salvation in that.
Yes, Christians are no better than anyone else and yes we are all saved only by the Grace given to us, BUT, all Christians better be getting better than they were!
It is far more than merely avoiding the things we think of as sinful… it is accomplishing the things that glorify God… it is surrendering and sacrificing and suffering and humbly serving Christ and His church.
It is very difficult for Christians to get along with each other because we allow ourselves to be “Puffed up” with pride.
Think of those amazing verses that open Romans chapter 12, “Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.”
Actively surrender to the Holy Spirit renewing your mind in order to no longer be conformed to who you once were, BUT instead to be transformed into who you actually are in Christ!
Wouldn’t it be insane if this beautiful Butterfly continued to act like a caterpillar? If it never flew, but only crawled everywhere it went?
The opening of Romans 12, an amazing, amazing 2 verses and can it be any wonder at all that it is immediately followed in verse 3, by, “For through the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think.”
You want to be “Acceptable to God,” to be “Transformed by the renewing of your mind,” to be able to discern “The Will of God”?
Swallow your pride… Romans 12, goes on to talk about the church and how we are all different, BUT that we must all work together and that will REQUIRE putting our own ideas, desires and agendas aside for the good of the group.
Why? Because the reality of the Gospel Message depends on it!
Verse 10 in that same passage says, “Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor.”
Pray that God will show you your human pride and eradicate it, because pride is actually a key ingredient to both distorting the Gospel and being divisive… which, at the end of the day are really the very same thing.
The biggest question then becomes what constitutes the true Gospel we take our stand on and what constitutes the issues and ideas about which we should relax and have a cream soda?
Well I had a whole huge section covering that question that would have taken up the remainder of our time today and probably most of next Sunday.
I’ll save it for Sunday school and move on, BUT I will sum it up this way… I mentioned how Romans 12 talks about getting along with Christians who see things differently and two chapters later in Romans 14:5 the Bible is still talking about it when it says, “One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind.”
Continuing in that chapter, down in verse 22, it says, “The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before God.”
Be convinced, work out your own faith, But grant grace to others and let them work out their own faith.
Back to our text today… The goal of chapter 1, and of chapter 6, and of the whole Letter, is to enable a healthy church…
Our foundation must be sound and at the same time our love for Christ must be real enough that our love for one another is obvious to the most casual observer.
That means not only NOT throwing each other under the bus, BUT actually standing up for one another and having each other’s back.
We do not need to completely agree on every detail, because we NEVER will!
Think about God’s glory and quit nitpicking everything we notice in others. God is the opposite of strife, tension, stress and vitriol.
Verse 3, continues with the idea that HEALTHY doctrine is the Message Jesus proclaimed as revealed to us in the Bible through His human agents.
The problem with the Pharisees was a religious holier-than-thou pride that devolved into an endless argument over the minutia and a complete obliviousness to the big picture…
Jesus said in Matthew 23:24, “You… strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!” (Matthew 23:24). They missed the Messiah!
Let’s NOT follow their example. If we do, it demonstrates that we are, “Conceited and understand nothing,” and that we have, “A morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words.”
These things always lead to man-made religiosity birthing “Envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions, and constant friction.”
God’s reputation and Christianity itself are maligned by the heathen because of it…
At the end of verse 5, it says such people, “Suppose that godliness is a means of gain.” To address that let’s read…
I TIMOTHY 6:6-10 ~ 6But godliness actually is a means of great gain when accompanied by contentment. 7For we have brought nothing into the world, so we cannot take anything out of it either. 8If we have food and covering, with these we shall be content. 9But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a snare and many foolish and harmful desires which plunge men into ruin and destruction. 10For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.
Paul uses a little wordplay with the notion concerning “Gain” from “Godliness.”
The word used twice here, once in verse 5 and again in verse 6, is found only here in the Bible.
It is πορισμός (pŏ-ȑĭs-mŏs), which means a method of acquisition, a way to acquire, a means of gaining something you didn’t have before…
It isn’t really money… we are a money-based society where everything comes down to the Benjamins or the coins and so we automatically think in those terms.
The idea though is the things of life, food, water, shelter, goods and services and yes, even money, BUT also ACCEPTANCE, honor, love, etc.
It is what the Cuba Gooding character in the movie Jerry Maguire called the, “Quan.” The entire package of what makes life good.
Of course, we’re talking physical, temporary, here today, gone tomorrow, life that… while it means everything to the pagan, should mean very little to the person looking toward eternity.
The people distorting the Gospel content or denying the Gospel power think their religious activities will make life better NOW. They are focused on NOW.
Even if it were true, what does it matter in comparison to eternity?
The more a person focuses on their present life, the less they focus on their eternal life… Paul would say, “That’s dumb.”
True Godliness actually IS a means of “Great gain,” gain where it matters most.
In verse 9, “Rich” is πλουτέω (plü-tĕ-ō), meaning an abundance or to be plentifully supplied… we again think in terms of money, but it is to be wealthy as in well provisioned… not lacking…
Verses 6-8, make it clear what I already said about the kind of riches – the kind of gain – that is actually important.
You came to this world with nothing and you will leave it in the same boat… so it makes no sense to jeopardize eternity for a fleeting comfort… instead, happily endure the hardships of this life with genuine contentment as you focus on the big picture.
Are we Christians to then abandon all work except that which provides our most basic needs?
It is actually a great question. How much time do I spend on myself, making money to be more comfortable in this life?
What if I worked less at that and devoted more time to seeking God and ministering to others?
Those are questions I encourage each individual to wrestle with God about…
This passage isn’t specifically about that though.
Here God is making the point that the next life is far more important than this one and so nothing in this life should jeopardize your character or integrity as a Christian.
Focus fully on being a Christian in every sense of the word and be content with your lot in life… even if you are a slave… focus on your actual position in Christ.
“The love of money,” is φιλαργυρία (fē-läȑ-gü-ȑē-ä) is φίλος (fē-lŏs) love and ἄργυρος (äȑ-gü-ȑos) silver – a love of silver, but with the general meaning of covetousness… which is being overly concerned about the things of this life. It “Is a root of all sorts of evil,” which is a cancer infecting your true life.
Being overly concerned about earthly success, or in the case of America, excess… can very easily lead to compromise…
Jesus has much to say on the matter and it really comes down to a person’s motive…
Because our motive is directly tied to our trust in God’s providence and in our faith in His eternal salvation.
If I know without any doubt whatsoever that God will take care of me and that no matter what happens in this life I have eternity in perfect bliss… I won’t be unduly concerned about the material things of this world.
If, on the other hand, I am not certain about God’s provision and unsure about my eternal life, I will do what I can to feather my physical nest.
IF doing so provides you with a lot… BE Generous knowing that better things are in your future.
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